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Earth Institute Research Projects

Projects Tagged ocean and climate physics

By Project Name By Startdate By Enddate By Location
A 175m Long Sediment Core from Lake Traimeno 5/1/13 1/1/16 Europe ; Italy
A Lagrangian Approach to Emerging Dynamics in the Marginal Ice Zone 3/1/11 9/30/16 Arctic Ocean
A Study of Atmospheric Dust in the WAIS Divide Ice Core Based on Sr-Nd-Pb-He Isotopes 6/8/11 7/31/17 Antarctica
A Time Series of Sea Surface Nitrate and Nitrate Based New Production in the Global Oceans 5/1/13 4/30/19 Global
Abrupt Climate Change in a Warming World: Modern Instrumental Records - CFCs 7/1/08 6/30/13 Global
Abrupt Climate Change in a Warming World: Synthesis of Tracer Data 7/1/08 6/30/13 Global
An Investigation of Abyssal Mixing and Interior Transports in the North Atlantic: Tracer Studies 11/1/09 10/31/13 Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Multidecadal Variability: Mechanisms, Impact, and Predictability: A Study using Observations and IPCC AR4 Model Simulations 8/1/09 6/30/13 Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean Acidification Test-Bed 7/1/08 6/30/14 Atlantic Ocean
CAREER: Characterizing the Uncertainty in Projections of Climate Change in the Semi-Arid Tropics Based on the Moist Static Energy Framework 9/1/10 8/31/17 Global ; Sahel ; New York City, NY ; New York
CICAR: Boundary Layer Experiments of Coral Reef Calcification and Net O2 Production 7/1/08 6/30/14 Atlantic Ocean
Climate Change, Weathering and Ocean Chemistry from U-Series Comminution Dating in the Gulf of Aqaba 1/1/12 12/31/16 Asia ; Middle East
Climatology and Variability of Tropical Rainfall in the 20th Century Reanalysis 9/1/11 8/31/13 Global
Collaborative Research in IPY: Abrupt Environmental Change in the Larson Ice Shelf System, A Multidisciplinary Approach - Cryosphere and Oceans 5/1/08 4/30/14 Antarctica
Collaborative Research: Developing a Continous Replicated Reconstruction of Tropical Pacific Climate Over the Last 500-700 Years: Analysis of Massive Porites Corals from American Samoa 8/15/12 7/31/15 Pacific Ocean ; Ta'u, American Samoa ; Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory ; Stanford University
Collaborative Research: P2C2-Reconstructing Tropical Pacific Climate Variability and Monsoon Systems, and Abrupt Changes from Ice Cores on Irain Jaya, Indonesia and Hualcan, Peru 8/1/08 6/30/13 Pacific Ocean
Collaborative Research: A combined proxy and model investigation of Late Holocene paleoclimate in the Horn of Africa 8/15/12 7/31/15 Africa ; Sub-Saharan Africa
Collaborative Research: A Proposal for the Cosmic-Ray Produced Nuclide Systematics on Earth (Cronus-Earth) Project 3/1/05 9/30/12 Global
Collaborative Research: A Southern Hemispheric Perspective on Holocene Climate Variability Based on Mountain Glacial Chronologies 9/1/09 8/31/13 South America ; Peru ; South America ; Patagonia
Collaborative Research: An Inverse and Forward Global Modeling Synthesis of Noble Gases to Better Quantify Biogeochemical Cycles 9/15/11 8/31/15 Global
Collaborative Research: Assessing Climate Model Simulations of Last Glacial Maximum Ocean Circulation with Carbons Isotopes 9/1/12 8/31/16 Atlantic Ocean
Collaborative Research: Atmosphere-Ocean-Ice Interaction in a Coastal Polyna 8/15/08 7/31/12 Antarctica
Collaborative Research: Automated Continuous Measurement of CFC and SF6 Saturations in Surface Waters 10/1/10 9/30/15 Global
Collaborative Research: Climate and Glacier change in Bhutan: the last millennia, present and future 7/1/12 8/31/13 Asia ; Bhutan
Collaborative Research: Coring the Line Islands Ridge for Paleoceanographic Research 2/15/12 1/31/14 Pacific Ocean
Collaborative Research: Developing Multicentury Drought Reconstructions from Guatemala and the Context for Past and Future Hydroclimatic Change 3/1/09 4/30/13 Central America ; Guatemala
Collaborative Research: EAGER: Evaluating the Larsen Basin S Suitability for Testing the Cretaceous Glaciation Hypothesis 9/1/12 8/31/14 Antarctica
Collaborative Research: East Antarctic Outlet Glacier Contributions to the Ross Sea from Chronology of Detrital Grains 12/15/10 11/30/13 Antarctica
Collaborative Research: Extracting multi-century low-latitude sea surface temperatures from coral skeletons using replicated records of annual growth: method refinement & application 9/1/11 8/31/13 Pacific Ocean ; Fiji ; Tonga ; Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory ; Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Collaborative Research: Fast Spin Up of Ocean General Circulation Models Using Newton-Krylov Methods 9/1/08 8/31/12 Global
Collaborative Research: Fire, Climate and Forest History in Mongolia 6/1/10 8/31/13 Asia ; East Asia ; Mongolia
Collaborative Research: Gas Transfer Through Polar Sea Ice (GAPS)-Mechanisms of Turbulence Production in the Seasonal Ice Zone and Its Control of Mixed Layer Ventilation 10/1/10 9/30/13 Global
Collaborative Research: GEOTRACES Pacifice Section: Nd isotopes and REEs in the South Pacific 1/1/13 12/31/13 Pacific Ocean
Collaborative Research: Global Ocean Repeat Hydrography, Carbon and Tracer Measurements, 2009-2014 12/10/08 1/31/18 Global
Collaborative Research: Long-term Carbon Storage Shifts in High-latitude Peatlands with Paleoclimate Change: Linking Peatland Modeling with Paleoecology and Paleohydrology 9/1/10 8/31/15 North America ; Alaska
Collaborative Research: Long-term Observations in the Switchyard Region of the Arctic Ocean as Part of the Arctic Observing Network (AON) 9/1/10 8/31/15 Arctic Ocean
Collaborative Research: Multi-nuclide approach to systematically evaluate the scatter in surface exposure ages in Antarctica and to develop consistent alpine glacier chronologies 5/1/11 8/31/15 Antarctica
Collaborative Research: P2C2 - Locally-constrained Climate Field Reconstructions of the Last Millennium: Methods and Application 8/1/11 7/31/13 Global
Collaborative Research: P2C2 - Reconstructing North Pacific Climate Variability using Multi-Millennial Tree Ring Resources for Glacier Bay, Alaska 9/1/09 8/31/12 Pacific Ocean ; Glacier Bay ; Alaska
Collaborative Research: P2C2-Tree-Ring Reconstructions of Western North Pacific Climate Dynamics 5/1/12 5/31/16 Global ; Trans-North Pacific
Collaborative Research: Past and Future Drought Variability in the Mediterranean Basin 1/1/13 5/31/14
Collaborative Research: Plestocene East Antarctic Ice Sheet History as Recorded in Sediment Provence and Chronology of High-Elevation TAM Moraines 6/1/10 5/31/14 Antarctica
Collaborative Research: Reconstructing Changes in Asian Monsoon Circulation During the Last Millennium from Stable Isotopes in Tropical Tree Rings 9/1/12 7/31/15 Asia ; Southeast Asia ; Vietnam
Collaborative Research: Reconstructing Hydroclimatic Asian Monsoon Variability for the past Millennium from Tree Rings: Myanmar and Vicinity 5/15/13 4/30/17 Asia ; Myanmar ; China ; Thailand
Collaborative Research: SAM's Contribution to Increased Ocean Heat Content on the Continental Shelf of the Western Antarctic Peninsula 8/15/10 7/31/13 Southern Ocean ; Antarctica
Collaborative Research: Separating Forced and Unforced Decadal Predictability in Models and Observations 9/1/10 8/31/13 Global
Collaborative Research: Terrestrial Geological Context for Glacier Change in the Northeast Antarctic Peninsula 7/1/12 6/30/17 Antarctica
Collaborative Research: The Pulse of the Holocene Glaciations in New Zealand's Southern Alps 10/1/08 9/30/14 Oceania
Collaborative Research: Timing and Structure of the Last Glacial Maximum and Termination in Southern Peru: Implications for the Role of the Tropics in Climate Change 10/1/10 9/30/14 South America ; Peru
Collaborative Research: Totten Glacier System and the Marine Record of Cryosphere - Ocean Dynamics 9/1/12 8/31/17 Antarctica ; Totten Glacier
Collaborative Research: Tropical Cyclone Tracks in Present and Future Climates 9/1/11 8/31/16 Global
Collaborative Research: Tropical Cyclones in a Warming Climate: Lessons from Model Simulations of the Last Glacial Maximum and Holocene 3/1/11 3/31/14 North America
Collaborative Research: U.S. GEOTRACES North Atlantic Section - Nd Isotope Distribution: Sources, Sinks, and Internal Cycling 3/1/10 2/28/13 Atlantic Ocean
Collaborative Research: US GEOTRACES Pacific Section: Analysis of 230Th, 232Th and 231Pa 1/1/13 12/31/17 Pacific Ocean
Collaborative Research: Using Opportunistic Radon Measurements to Estimate the Gas Transfer Velocity in Partial Sea Ice Cover 11/1/12 10/31/14 Arctic Ocean
Collaborative Research: Variations and Trends in Fall Precipitation over the Central United States: Issues of Physical Mechanisms, Circulation Anomalies and Boundary Forcing 6/15/08 5/31/13 Atlantic Ocean ; United States
Collaborative Research: Western Equatorial Pacific Rainfall During the Holocene: New Inter-annual Records from High Resolution Borneo Stalagmites 9/1/11 8/31/14 Global ; Borneo
Constraining the Past and Future Ocean Sink of Anthropogenic Carbon with Observations 2/15/11 1/31/16 Global
Continental Shelf Embayments of the Eastern Margin of the Philippines: Lamon Bay Stratification and Circulation 5/1/13 4/30/15 Pacific Ocean ; Lamon Bay
CRPA: Shrinking Glaciers: Achronology of Climate Change 1/15/11 5/31/13 Global
Deglacial Lake-level History of the Mono Basin, California 9/1/12 8/31/13 North America
Dense Water Formation and Overturning in the Red Sea: A Proposal to Collect Anthropogenic Tracer Observations 9/15/11 10/31/12 Asia ; Middle East
Developing an Optimum Multi-Model ENSO Prediction 8/1/12 7/31/16 Global
Diagnosing Decadal-Scale Climate Variability in Current Generation Coupled Models for Informing Near-term Climate Change Impacts 7/1/08 6/30/13 Global
Drying Versus Wettening of the East African Climate 5/1/13 3/31/16 Africa ; Sub-Saharan Africa ; East Africa
Enhancing Understanding of Ocean Drilling Discoveries through the Synergy of Earth2Class and Deep Earth Academy 9/1/12 10/31/13 Global
Error Models for Remotely-Sensed Sea Surface Heights and Temperatures in Ocean Data Assimilation 7/1/08 6/30/13 Global
Evaluation of Finestructure Mixing Parameterization Based on LADCP Shear 7/1/10 8/31/13 Global
Forward and Inverse Modeling the Neogene Evolution of the NJ Continental Margin Based on Results from IODP EXP 313 4/23/10 10/3/12 Atlantic Ocean ; New Jersey ; United States
Future Changes in the Seasonal Cycle: Mechanisms and Implications 1/1/10 2/28/15 Global
Generation and Evaluation of Long-Term Retrospective Forecasts with NCEP Climate Forecast System: Predictability of ENSO and Drought 7/1/08 6/30/13 Global
GEOTRACES Pacific section: Dissolved and particulate concentrations of selected anthropogenic radionuclides along the U.S. GEOTRACES Peru-Tahiti zonal section 1/1/13 9/30/18 Pacific Ocean
Global Oceanic 3He Data Set: Calibration Tools for Models of the Upward Branch of the Deep Ocean Global Conveyor 7/1/08 6/30/14 Global
High and Low-Latitude Controls on the Mean Position of the Atlantic ITCZ (0-150 ka BP) 10/1/09 9/30/13 Atlantic Ocean
History of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet Since the Mid-Miocene: New Evidence from Provenance of Ice-rafted Debris 7/15/10 6/30/14 Antarctica
Holocene Snowline Changes in the Bhutanese Himalaya 6/1/12 5/31/13 Asia ; India
Holocene Variability of Atlantic Surface Properties and West African Aridity 7/1/08 6/30/13 Atlantic Ocean
Holocene Variability of the Deep Limb of Meridional Overturning Circulation 7/1/08 6/30/13 Global
Hydrographic and Sediment-Trap Monitoring of Anoxic Soledad Basin off Baja California for Enhanced Climate Reconstructions: An Interdisciplinary Planning Workshop 7/1/09 7/31/12 Pacific Ocean ; Baja California
IceBridge 2012-2015: Gravity and Magnetics 12/13/12 2/29/16 Antarctica
Impact of rising greenhouse gases on mid-latitude storm tracks and associated hydroclimate variability and change 9/15/10 9/14/14 Global
In Situ 10Be Production-Rate Calibration for North America from the Early Holocene Marquette Moraine, Upper Peninsula of Michigan 6/1/12 5/31/15 North America
Insolation Control of Ice Sheet Mass Balance in the 41-kyr World: a test of Multiple Hypotheses 8/15/11 7/31/13 Global
Integration of Ocean and Earth Dynamics of Measurement and Prediction of Sea-Level Change 7/20/11 7/19/12 Global
Intraseasonal Variability and Tropical Cyclones in the NASA GISS General Circulation Model 6/15/09 6/14/14 Global
Intraseasonal variability and tropical cyclones in the NASA GISS General Circulation Model 7/1/13 6/30/17 Global
Investigations of Spatial and Temporal Variability of Ocean and Ice Conditions In and Near the Marginal Ice Zone 9/1/11 8/31/14 Global
IPY/ASEP Collaborative International Research: Amundsen Sea Influence on West Antarctic Ice Sheet Stability And Sea Level Rise 7/1/07 8/31/12 Antarctica ; West Antarctic Ice Sheet
Laboratory study of ice deformation under tidal loading conditions with application to Antarctic glaciers 2/1/13 1/31/17 Antarctica
Late Miocene Cycle Stratigraphy from Downhole Logs from IODP Sites U1359 and U 1361, Wilkes Land 1/4/10 1/7/13 Antarctica
Late Quaternary Variability of the Agulhas Thermohaline Valve from Nd Isotopes in Planktonic Foraminifera 9/1/10 8/31/14 Atlantic Ocean
Leveraging CMIPS and NASA/GMAO Coupled Modeling Capacity for SERVIR East Africa Climate Projections. 9/11/12 11/19/15 Africa ; Sub-Saharan Africa
LTER: Palmer Antarctic Long Term Ecological Research: Looking Back in Time Through Marine Ecosystem Space: Physical Oceanography and Sea Ice Component 9/1/08 3/31/13 Global
Mapping Saharan Dust Fluxes through the Onset and Termination of the African Humid Period in a Transect of African Margin Cores 9/1/10 8/31/14 Africa ; Sub-Saharan Africa ; Sahel
Mechanisms and Predictability of the Global Climate Impacts of Atlantic Multidecadal Variability 8/1/09 6/30/13 Atlantic Ocean
Meridional Hydrology Variability and Synthesis of Ocean Circulation 7/1/08 6/30/13 Global
Modification of the Stratification and Velocity Profile with in the Straits and Seas of the Indonesian Archipelago 11/1/09 10/31/12 Pacific Ocean
NRA/Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences-2009 8/1/10 8/24/13 Antarctica
Ocean Acidification - Category 1: Calibration and Application of the Boron Isotope Seawater-pH Indicator in Deep-water Corals 9/15/10 8/31/16 Global
Ocean Acidification - Category 1: Climatological Mean Distribution of pH in Surface Waters in the Unified pH Scale and Mean Rate of Changes in Selected Areas 1/1/11 12/31/13 Global ; Research Vessels ; RVIB N. Palmer
Ocean Acidification: Collaborative Research: Establishing the Magnitude of Sea-Surface Acidification During The Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum 9/1/12 8/31/16 Global ; equatorial Pacific ; South Atlantic
Ocean Surface Temperature Response to Atmosphere-Ocean Interaction of the MJO 8/1/11 12/31/14 Indian Ocean
P2C2: North American Megadrought: Atmosphere-Ocean Forcing and Landscape Response from the Medieval Period to the Near-term Greenhouse Future 7/1/09 6/30/13 North America
Populus Euphratica and Tamarix Ramosissima o13C Tree-ring Chronologies from the Taklamakan Desert, Xingjiang China 6/1/13 5/15/15 Asia ; East Asia ; Tarim Basin ; Xinjiang ; China
Predictability of Atlantic Hurricane Activity by the NMME Coupled Models 8/1/12 7/31/16 Atlantic Ocean
Predicting North American Hydroclimate Change and Variability on Interannual to Multidecadal Timescale 8/1/09 6/30/13 North America
Present and Future Models of Low Frequency Climate Variability 9/15/10 9/14/13 Global
Quantifying Greenland Ice Sheet Dimensions During Past Warm Periods: A Novel Approach Using Cosmogenic Isotopes 9/1/12 8/31/15 Global ; Greenland
Quantifying Subglacial Erosion Rates and Exploring Pro-glacial Bedrock as Climate Archive by in-situ Cosmogenic ^14C-610Be Techniques 10/1/09 9/30/13 Global
RAPID: Anthropogenic Radionuclides in the Atlantic Ocean 4 Decades after GEOSECS 12/1/09 8/31/13 Atlantic Ocean
RAPID: Continuation of U.S. GEOTRACES North Atlantic Section: CFC and SF6 Measurements 7/1/11 6/30/13 Atlantic Ocean
Recalibrating and Combining Ensemble Predictions 8/1/09 6/30/13 Global
Reconstructing Ice Ages in New Zealand, N. America and Greenland Using Cosmogenic Be-10 Dating 11/1/06 10/31/17 Oceania ; New Zealand
Re-evaluation of the Late Glacial and the Little Ice Age Problem in the Alps by High-precision Surface Exposure Dating 6/1/12 5/31/17 Europe ; Alps
Rock Varnish Record of a Younger Dryas-Age Wet Event in Northern Tian Shan, Western China 3/1/11 3/1/14 Asia ; East Asia ; China
Scientific Leadership of the U.S. Ocean Drilling Community 5/1/10 1/10/13 Global
South China Sea-Indonesia Seas Transportation/Exchange (Site) 3/15/08 2/28/13 Pacific Ocean ; South China Sea ; Indonesian Seas
Southern Ocean - Ice Sheet Interactions 7/1/08 6/30/13 Southern Ocean
Spatial and Temporal Characteristics of Sea Surface Salinity Fluctuations and Links to the Marine Hydrological Cycle 11/15/09 11/14/13 Global
Spatial and temporal variability in chlorophyll, primary production and carbon export in the Bering Sea linked to climate change 8/26/11 8/25/12 Pacific Ocean ; Bering Sea
Storms, Forms, and Complexity of the Urban Canopy: How Land Use, Settlement Patterns, and the Shapes of Cities Influence Severe Weather 7/23/12 11/30/16 Global
Subglacial drainage and slip modeling in Antarctica: relating lakes to ice discharge 3/1/11 2/29/16 Antarctica
Subglacial Lakes and the Onset of Ice Streaming: Recovery Lakes 11/1/08 10/31/12 Antarctica
Testing geochemical proxy relationships under variable paleo-seawater chemical compositions 9/1/12 8/31/17 Global ; Catalina Island, CA ; Isla Magueyes, Puerto Rico
Testing Milankovitch - Glacier Fluctuations during the LGM and the Mystery Interval in the Western US 8/16/09 8/15/17 North America
The American midsummer Drought: Casual Mechanisms and Seasonal-to-Interannual Predictability 8/1/10 7/31/13 Global
The Impact of Downward Wave Coupling on the Tropospheric Circulation 9/1/11 8/31/16 Global
The Madden-Julian Oscillation: Model Development and Diagnosis of Mechanisms 6/1/09 6/30/13 North America
The Mechanisms and Predictability of Multi-Basin Influences on North American Drought 7/1/08 6/30/13 North America
Towards a Better Understanding of the Relationship Between Climate Change and Tropical Cyclone 7/1/08 6/30/13 Global
Towards an improved age resolution of lake records Protactinum-231 dating of the Lisan Formation, the Dead Sea Basin 8/1/10 7/31/12 Asia ; Middle East
Tree-Rings & Climate 6/1/11 10/31/13 Global
Tropical Cyclones and Climate - A Model Intercomparison Project 1/1/12 12/31/16 Global
Type 1-L02170337: Collaborative Research: Use of Climate Information in International Negotiation for Adaptation Resources 11/29/10 3/31/15 Africa ; Sub-Saharan Africa ; African Sahel
U.S. GEOTRACES North Atlantic Section: CFC and SF6 Measurements 12/1/09 11/30/12 Atlantic Ocean
Understanding and Attributing Tropical Cyclone Intensity and Frequency Changes in the 20th and 21st Centuries 8/1/10 7/31/14 Global
Underway CO2 Measurements Aboard the RVIB Palmer and Data Management of the Global VOS Program 9/1/08 6/30/14 Global ; Research Vessels ; RVIB N. Palmer
U-Series Disequilibrium in Weddell Sea Sediments: Rates of Iceberg Discharge and Impact on Global Oceans 12/1/10 11/30/13 Antarctica
Validation of the B/Ca Proxy for Surface Seawater pH and Application to Measure Anthropogenic Ocean Acidification 3/15/08 2/28/14 Global ; Catalina Island, CA ; Isla Magueyes, Puerto Rico
Weddell Sea Moorings 7/1/08 6/30/14 Southern Ocean ; Weddell Gyre
Workshop on Paleo-Ocean Acidification and Carbon Cycle Perturbation Events August 26-28, 2010 6/1/10 5/31/13 Global ; Catalina Island, CA ; California
The Northern Embayments of the Indian Ocean and the Indonesian Throughflow [BoB-AS-ITF] 6/1/20 7/19/21 Indian Ocean ; Bay of Bengal