Earth Institute Research Projects

Core-log-seismic Integration at IODP Sites U1394, U1395, U1397, and U1399: An Approach to Velocity Modeling based on Synthetic Seismograms

Lead PI: Angela L. Slagle

Unit Affiliation: Marine Geology & Geophysics, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO)

February 2012 - February 2015
Atlantic Ocean ; Caribbean ; Lesser Antilles ; Offshore, Lesser Antilles Island Arc
Project Type: Research

DESCRIPTION: The project will use core-log-seismic integration, first reprocessing P-wave velocity waveforms, determining the best density curves where no density logs were recorded, and using these to generate synthetic seismograms. This analysis is critical for making seismic to borehole correlations to interpret seismic stratigraphy and ground-truth the interpretation of subsurface debris avalanche deposits and turbidites in the Lesser Antilles region.

OUTCOMES: For Sites U1394 and U1395, only the S-wave data required reprocessing; for Sites U1397 and U1399, both P-wave and S- wave data required reprocessing.

All waveforms were filtered with an upper and lower limit appropriate for the sources used to generate the P-wave and S-wave logs. The standard slowness-time coherence processing method (Kimball and Marzetta, 1984, “Semblance processing of borehole acoustic array data”, Geophys. 20, 516-538) was used to reprocess the monopole and lower dipole waveforms at Expedition 340 sites. The method was refined by constraining the processing with a slower slowness range and adjusting key parameters, such as the length of the integration time window and the search bandwidth. Through these methods, the quality of velocity data was significantly improved for the four sites (Figure 1). These post-cruise processed sonic data have played a critical role in a co-authored study on rock physics, led by Expedition 340 scientist Matthew Hornbach. The resulting manuscript, “High pore pressure in Lesser Antilles submarine slide deposits inferred from seismic velocities and rock physics models”, has been submitted to the Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth.


Consortium for Ocean Leadership


National Science Foundation




Consortium for Ocean Leadership


Hornbach, M.J., M. Manga, M. Genocov, R. Valdez, P. Miller, D. Saffer, S. Lafuerza, T. Adachi, C. Breitkreuz, M. Jutzeler, A. LeFriant, O. Ishizuka, S. Morgan, A. Slagle, P.J. Talling, A. Fraass, and IODP Exp 340 Science Party. 2015. Permeability and pressure measurements in Lesser Antilles submarine slides: Evidence for pressure-driven slow-slip failure. Journal of Geophysical Research- Solid Earth, 120,7986-8011.


landslides velocity waveforms lesser antilles drilling hazards density curves wireline logging slope stability seismology geology and tectonics downhole logging international ocean discovery program (iodp) sediment samples synthetic seismograms


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