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Earth Institute Research Projects

Climate Predictability of Extreme Floods in the United States

Lead PI: Dr. Upmanu Lall

Unit Affiliation: International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI)

August 2010 - July 2014
Inactive
North America ; United States
Project Type: Research

DESCRIPTION: The project will use the hypothesis that river basins aggregate the spatio-temporal climate signal in terms of synoptic and seasonal atmospheric moisture transport to allow empirical connections to be made between slowly varying climate fields, and the severity and incidence of floods. This would allow the development of empirical methods for season predictions.

OUTCOMES: Demonstrated that tropical moisture exports from the Golf of Mexico region appear to be the source of floods in the Ohio River Valley and found the anomalous atmospheric circulation patterns responsible.

SPONSOR:

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration/Department of Commerce

FUNDED AMOUNT:

$427,244

RESEARCH TEAM:

Yochanan Kushnir, Andrew Robertson, Jennifer Nakamura

KEYWORDS

climate and society floods river basins precipitation predictability climate

THEMES

Modeling and Adapting to Future Climate