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Earth Institute Research Projects

Partnership for International Research and Education (PIRE): Land Use, Ecosystem Services and Human Wellbeing: Responses to Millennium Village Interventions

Lead PI: Cheryl Palm

Unit Affiliation: Agriculture & Food Security Center

September 2010 - August 2016
Inactive
Africa ; Sub-Saharan Africa ; Kenya ; Uganda ; Tanzania
Project Type: Research

DESCRIPTION: Cross-cutting natural and social science partnership between Brown University, Columbia University, the Ecosystems Center of the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Moi University in Kenya and Sokoine University. The project will examine how agricultural interventions designed to increase crop yields in African Millennium Villages influence land-use patterns and the degradation or enhancement of soils, biodiversity and other ecosystem services and human wellbeing at both local and regional scales.

OUTCOMES: Enhanced understanding of the patterns, causes and consequences of land-cover and land-use change now taking place in two of the Earth’s most important frontiers between natural ecosystems and advancing intensive human land use: the East African nations of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. Other outcomes include collaborations between scientists and mentoring for students, postdoctoral associates, and junior faculty.

SPONSOR:

Brown University

ORIGINATING SPONSOR:

National Science Foundation

FUNDED AMOUNT:

$484,106

RESEARCH TEAM:

Shahid Naeem

EXTERNAL COLLABORATORS:

Brown University, Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL)

WEBSITE:

https://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=0968211

PUBLICATIONS:

Wood SA, Karp DS, DeClerck F, Kremen C, Palm CA, Naeem S. "Functional traits in agriculture: agrobiodiversity and ecosystem services," Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 2015. doi:doi: 10.1016/j.tree. 2015.06.013

Wood, S. A., M. A. Bradford, J. A. Gilbert, K. L. McGuire, C. A. Palm, K. L. Tully, J. Zhou, and S. Naeem. "Efforts to increase crop yield on smallholder African farms are synergistic with the functional capacity of soil microbial communities," Journal of Applied Ecology, v.52, 2015, p. 744. doi:doi:10.1111/1365-2664.12416

Wood, S. A., M. Almaraz, M. A. Bradford, S. Naeem, K. L. Tully and J. Zhou.. "Nutrient loss from smallholder African farms: assessing the relative importance of soil microbial diversity and farm management," Frontiers in Terrestrial Microbiology, v.6, 2015, p. 1. doi:doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2015.00090.

Tully, K. L., J. Hickman, M. McKenna, C. Neill and C. A. Palm. "Effects of increased fertilizer application on inorganic soil N in East African maize systems: vertical distributions and temporal dynamics," Ecological Applications, v.26, 2016, p. 1907.

Tully, K. L., S. A. Wood, M. Almaraz, C. Neill and C. A. Palm. "The effect of the African Green Revolution interventions on yields and nitrogen balances in smallholder maize farms in Western Kenya.," Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment., v.214, 2015, p. 10.

Wood S.A., C. Bell, M. A. Bradford, S. Naeem, N. Sokol and M. D. Wallenstein. "Opposing effects of different soil organic matter fractions on crop yields," Ecological Applications, v.26, 2015, p. 2072.
Wood SA, Karp DS, DeClerck F, Kremen C, Palm CA, Naeem S. "Functional traits in agriculture: agrobiodiversity and ecosystem services," Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 2015. doi:doi: 10.1016/j.tree. 2015.06.013

Wood, S. A., M. A. Bradford, J. A. Gilbert, K. L. McGuire, C. A. Palm, K. L. Tully, J. Zhou, and S. Naeem. "Efforts to increase crop yield on smallholder African farms are synergistic with the functional capacity of soil microbial communities," Journal of Applied Ecology, v.52, 2015, p. 744. doi:doi:10.1111/1365-2664.12416

Wood, S. A., M. Almaraz, M. A. Bradford, S. Naeem, K. L. Tully and J. Zhou.. "Nutrient loss from smallholder African farms: assessing the relative importance of soil microbial diversity and farm management," Frontiers in Terrestrial Microbiology, v.6, 2015, p. 1. doi:doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2015.00090.

Tully, K. L., J. Hickman, M. McKenna, C. Neill and C. A. Palm. "Effects of increased fertilizer application on inorganic soil N in East African maize systems: vertical distributions and temporal dynamics," Ecological Applications, v.26, 2016, p. 1907.

Tully, K. L., S. A. Wood, M. Almaraz, C. Neill and C. A. Palm. "The effect of the African Green Revolution interventions on yields and nitrogen balances in smallholder maize farms in Western Kenya.," Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment., v.214, 2015, p. 10.

Wood S.A., C. Bell, M. A. Bradford, S. Naeem, N. Sokol and M. D. Wallenstein. "Opposing effects of different soil organic matter fractions on crop yields," Ecological Applications, v.26, 2015, p. 2072.
Wood SA, Karp DS, DeClerck F, Kremen C, Palm CA, Naeem S. "Functional traits in agriculture: agrobiodiversity and ecosystem services," Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 2015. doi:doi: 10.1016/j.tree. 2015.06.013

Wood, S. A., M. A. Bradford, J. A. Gilbert, K. L. McGuire, C. A. Palm, K. L. Tully, J. Zhou, and S. Naeem. "Efforts to increase crop yield on smallholder African farms are synergistic with the functional capacity of soil microbial communities," Journal of Applied Ecology, v.52, 2015, p. 744. doi:doi:10.1111/1365-2664.12416

Wood, S. A., M. Almaraz, M. A. Bradford, S. Naeem, K. L. Tully and J. Zhou.. "Nutrient loss from smallholder African farms: assessing the relative importance of soil microbial diversity and farm management," Frontiers in Terrestrial Microbiology, v.6, 2015, p. 1. doi:doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2015.00090.

Tully, K. L., J. Hickman, M. McKenna, C. Neill and C. A. Palm. "Effects of increased fertilizer application on inorganic soil N in East African maize systems: vertical distributions and temporal dynamics," Ecological Applications, v.26, 2016, p. 1907.

Tully, K. L., S. A. Wood, M. Almaraz, C. Neill and C. A. Palm. "The effect of the African Green Revolution interventions on yields and nitrogen balances in smallholder maize farms in Western Kenya.," Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment., v.214, 2015, p. 10.

Wood S.A., C. Bell, M. A. Bradford, S. Naeem, N. Sokol and M. D. Wallenstein. "Opposing effects of different soil organic matter fractions on crop yields," Ecological Applications, v.26, 2015, p. 2072.

KEYWORDS

biodiversity ecology crop yields human wellbeing food agriculture nutrition land use

THEMES

Stewardship of the planet