Nanoscale Ionic Materials for CO2 Capture and Sequestration
DESCRIPTION: This study focuses on the design and synthesis of Nanoscale Ionic Materials for CO2 capture. By grafting different polymeric corona onto nanoparticles, both chemical and structural properties of these novel materials can be tuned. Some of the important benefits of such solvent design include excellent thermal stability, negligible vapor pressure, and multifunctionality.
OUTCOMES: The outcome is to develop CO2 capture using nanoparticle ionic materials (NIMS). The effects of the volume fraction of nanoparticles and the different functional groups on the CO2 capture efficiencies of NIMS are also investigated. To facilitate the search for optimal NIMS designs that maximize CO2 capture, a high-pressure, high-temperature reactor setup and a microbalance system are employed. The NIMS results are then compared with those for the commercially available ILs, as well as MEA solvent.