Articles by Jeffrey Sachs

Topic: Published Academic Papers

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2012

"The effect of an integrated multisector model for achieving the Millennium Development Goals and improving child survival in rural sub-Saharan Africa: a non-randomised controlled assessment," with Paul M Pronyk, Maria Muniz, Ben Nemser, Marie-Andrée Somers, Lucy McClellan, Cheryl A Palm, Uyen Kim Huynh, Yanis Ben Amor, Belay Begashaw, John W McArthur, Amadou Niang, Sonia Ehrlich Sachs, Prabhjot Singh, and Awash Teklehaimanot. The Lancet, May 8, 2012. Download as [PDF]

"World Happiness Report," with Richard Layard and John Helliwell. April 2012. [Download as PDF]

2011

"Multisector intervention to accelerate reductions in child stunting: an observational study from 9 sub-Saharan African countries," with Roseline Remans, Paul M Pronyk, Jessica C Fanzo, Jiehua Chen, Cheryl A Palm, Bennett Nemser, Maria Muniz, Alex Radunsky, Alem Hadera Abay, Mouctar Coulibaly, Joseph Mensah-Homiah, Margaret Wagah, Xiaoyi An, Christine Mwaura, Eva Quintana, Marie-Andree Somers, Pedro A Sanchez, Sonia E Sachs, and John W McArthur. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 95, October 26, 2011.

2009

"Rethinking Macroeconomics." Capitalism and Society: Vol. 4 : Iss. 3, Article 3. [Download as PDF]

"Input Subisidies to Improve Smallholder Maize Productivity in Malawi: Toward an African Green Revolution", with Glenn Denning, Patrick Kabambe, Pedro Sanchez, Alia Malik, Rafael Flor, Rebbie Harawa, Phelire Nkhoma, Colleen Zamba, Clement Banda, Chrispin Magombo, Michael Keating, and Justine Wangila. PLoS Biology, 7(1): e1000023. 27 January 2009. [Download article as PDF]

2007

"Scaling up Malaria Control in Africa: An Economic and Epidemiological Assessment," with Awash Teklehaimanot and Gordon C. McCord. The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 77(Suppl 6), 2007, pp. 138–144. [Download Paper as PDF]
This article was also published as NBER Working Paper 13664, December 2007.
[Download Paper as PDF]

Escaping the Resource Curse, with Macartan Humphreys, Joseph E. Stiglitz, Columbia University Press, June 2007.

2006

"Incorporating a Rapid-Impact Package for Neglected Tropical Diseases with Programs for HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria," with Peter Hotez, David H. Molyneux, Alan Fenwick, Eric Ottesen and Sonia Ehrlich Sachs. PLoS Medicine, 3(5): e102. February 2006.
[Download article as PDF]

2005

"A Robust Strategy for Sustainable Energy," with Klaus Lackner. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 2. 2005.
[Download article as PDF]

"A European Development Fund for the MDGs," with John McArthur and Guido Schmidt-Traub, Revamping Development Efforts: An Assessment of Development Policy in the EU, European Policy Centre Issue Paper 36, July 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

2004

"Health in the Developing World: Achieving the Millennium Development Goals," Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Volume 82, No. 12, December 2004.
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"The Malaria Gap," with Pia Malaney and Andrew Spielman, American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 71(Suppl. 2), pp. 141-146, August 2004.
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"Ending Africa' s Poverty Trap," with John W. McArthur, Guido Schmidt-Traub, Margaret Kruk, Chandrika Bahadur, Michael Faye and Gordon McCord, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 1, 2004.
[Download paper as PDF]

"A Global Index of the Stability of Malaria Transmission," with Anthony Kiszewski, Andrew Mellinger, Andrew Spielman, Pia Malaney, and Sonia Ehrlich Sachs, American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 70, No. 5, pp. 486-498, May 2004.
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"The Challenges Facing Landlocked Developing Countries," with Michael L. Faye, John W. McArthur, and Thomas Snow, Journal of Human Development, Vol. 5, No. 1, March 2004.
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2003

"Panel Discussion- Promoting Better National Institutions: The Role of the IMF," with Jeffrey Frankel, Nancy Birdsall and Guillermo Ortiz, IMF Staff Papers, Special Issue: IMF Third Annual Research Conference, Vol. 50, 2003.
[Download paper as PDF]

"IMF Stabilization Programs," with Anne O. Krueger and Stanley Fischer, in Economic and Financial Crises in Emerging Market Economies, Martin Feldstein, ed. Cambridge, MA: NBER, 2003. [Download as PDF]

"The Roadblock to a Sovereign Bankruptcy Law," Cato Journal, Vol. 23, No. 1, Spring/Summer 2003.
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(reprinted in Spanish as “La barrera contra la ley de quiebras soberanas,” in Artana, Daniel and James A. Dorn (eds.), Crisis Financieras Internacionales: ¿Qué Rol le Corresponde al Gobierno?  Cato Institute: Buenos Aires, 2004.)

"Scaling-up coverage with insecticide-treated nets against malaria in Africa: who should pay?" with Christopher Curtis et al., The Lancet: Infectious Diseases, Vol. 3, No.5, May 1, 2003.
[Download paper as PDF]

"The United States as a Coastal Nation," with Jordan Rappaport, Journal of Economic Growth, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 5-46, March 2003. (previously Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City Research Working Paper)
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"China's Growth after WTO Membership," with Wing Thye Woo, Journal of Chinese Economics and Business Studies, Vol. 1, No. 1., January 2003.
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2002

"Geography, Economic Policy, and Regional Development in China," with Sylvie Demurger, Wing Thye Woo, Shuming Bao, Gene Chang, and Andrew Mellinger, Asian Economic Papers, Vol. 1 No. 1, Winter 2002, pp. 146-197.
[Download paper as PDF]
(previously CID Working Paper no. 77, October 2001 [PDF]).

"Resolving the Debt Crisis of Low-Income Countries," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2002:1.
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"Financing Global Public Goods:  Approaches to Health " in Global Public Goods Financing: New Tools for New Challenges, A Policy Dialogue,  United Nations Publications, 2002. [Download as PDF]

"Compensation for 'Meaningful Participation' in Climate Change Control: A Modest Proposal and Empirical Analysis" with T. Panayotou and A. Peterson Zwane, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management,  43, pp. 437-454, 2002.
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"Technological Advance and Long-Term Economic Growth in Asia," with John McArthur, in Technology and the New Economy, Chong-En Bai and Chi-Wa Yuen, eds. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2002.
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"A New Global Effort to Control Malaria," Science, Vol. 298, 4 Oct, 2002.
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"Understanding Regional Economic Growth in India," Jeffrey Sachs, Nirupam Bajpai and Ananthi Ramiah In Asian Economic Papers, Vol. 1, Issue 3, Summer 2002.
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(previously CID Working Paper no. 88, March 2002 [PDF])

"The Economic and Social Burden of Malaria" with Pia Malaney, Nature, Vol. 415, no. 6872, Feb. 7, 2002.
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2001

"Benchmarking Competitiveness in Transition Economies," with Clifford Zinnes and Yair Eilat, Economics of Transition,  Vol. 9 (2),  pp. 315-53, 2001.
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"Economic Development in Central America" edited by Felipe B. Larrain.  Harvard University Press, 2001.

"The Gains from Privatization in Transition Economies: Is 'Change of Ownership' Enough?," with Clifford Zinnes and Yair Eilat.  IMF Staff Papers, Vol. 48 (Special Issue), pp. 146-170, 2001.
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"Reducing the Vulnerability to Natural Disasters: Hurricane Mitch and Central America," with Juan Carlos Barahona, Eduardo Doryan and Felipe B. Larrain Economic Development in Central America, Vol. II: Structural Reform edited by Felipe B. Larrain.  Harvard University Press, 2001.
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"The External-Debt Problem in Central America: Honduras, Nicaragua, and the HIPC Initiative," with Gerardo Esquivel and Felipe B. Larrain in Economic Development in Central America, Vol. I: Growth and Internationalization, edited by Felipe B. Larrain.  Harvard University Press, 2001.
(also HIID Development Discussion Paper no. 645, August 1998)
[Download article as PDF]

"The Strategic Significance of Global Inequality," in The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 187-198, Summer 2001.

"The Curse of Natural Resources," with Andrew Warner, European Economic Review, Vol. 45, May 2001.
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"The Decade of Development: Goal Setting and Policy Changes in India" with Nirupam Bajpai, CID Working Paper No. 62, February 2001.
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"Institutions and Geography: Comment on Acemoglu, Johnson and Robinson," with John W. McArthur, NBER Working Paper 8114, February 2001.
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"The Economic Burden of Malaria," with John Luke Gallup, The Supplement to The American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, Vol. 64, No. 1, 2, pp. 85-96, January/February 2001 
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(previously "The Economic Burden of Malaria" with John Luke Gallup, CID Working Paper No. 52, July 2000 [PDF], previously "The Economic Burden of Malaria," with John Gallup, in Harvard International Review,Winter 1998/1999, pp. 56-61, and previously "The Economic Burden of Malaria," with John Luke Gallup, mimeo, October 1998 [PDF]) .

"Defining and Refining International Donor Support for Combating the AIDS Pandemic" with Amir Attaran, The Lancet, Vol. 357, pp. 57-61, January 6, 2001.
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2000

"Globalisation, State Intervention and the Impact on Living Standards," in Malaysian Journal of Economics Studies, Vol. XXXVII, No. 1 & 2, June/December 2000.
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"Is the Environmental Kuznets Curve Driven by Structural Change? What Extended Time Series May Imply for Developing Countries" with Theo Panayotou and Alix Peterson. CAER II No. 80, 2000.
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"Notes on a New Sociology of Economic Development" in Culture Matters: How Values Shape Human Progress, Lawrence E. Harrison and Samuel P. Huntington (eds), New York: Basic Books, 2000.
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"Globalization and Patterns of Economic Development," Review of World Economics, Vol. 136, No. 4, Kiel Institute of World Economics, 2000.
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“Understanding China’s Economic Performance” with Wing Thye Woo, The Journal of Policy Reform, Vol. 4, Issue 1, 2000; section on state enterprise sector reprinted as “The State Sector Under Reform” in Ross Garnaut and Yiping Huang (eds.), Growth Without Miracles: Readings on the Chinese Economy in the Era of Reform, Oxford University Press, forthcoming.
(previously "Understanding China's Economic Performance," with Wing Thye Woo, HIID Development Discussion Paper #575, December 1996. [PDF]) .

"Climate, Coastal Proximity, and Development," with Andrew Mellinger and John Gallup in Oxford Handbook of Economic Geography, edited by Gordon L. Clark, Maryann P. Feldman, and Meric S. Gertler, Oxford University Press, 2000.
[Download paper as PDF file]
(Previously "Climate, Water Navigability, and Economic Development," with Andrew Mellinger and John Gallup, CID Working Paper No. 24, September 1999. [PDF])

"Natural Resource Abundance and Economic Growth," with Andrew Warner, Leading Issues in Economic Development, Oxford University Press, 2000.
Reprinted in Spanish as "Recursos Naturales y Desarollo Economico" in Mineria y Desarollo, Gustavo Lagos (ed.), Foro en Economia de Minerales, Vol. 3, 2005.
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[Download data and results in Excel format]

"The Onset of the East Asian Financial Crisis," with Steven Radelet, National Bureau of Economic Research volume Asian Crisis and International Solutions, Chapter 20, 1998.
Reprinted in Currency Crises, Paul Krugman (ed.) National Bureau of Economic Research, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2000.

"Economic Reforms and Constitutional Transition," (with Wing Thye Woo and Xiaokai Yang), Annals of Economics and Finance, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 435-491, November 2000; reprinted in Tran Van Hoa (ed.), Economic Crisis Management - Policy, Practice, Outcomes and Prospects as Chapter 4, pp. 28-85, Edward Elgar, 2002.
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"Agriculture, Climate, and Technology: Why are the Tropics Falling Behind?" with John Luke Gallup, American Journal of Agricultural Economics.  Vol. 82, pp. 731-777, August 2000.
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"Economic Reforms and Constitutional Transition" with Wing Thye Woo and Xiaokai Yang. CID Working Paper No. 42, April 2000.  [Download paper as PDF]

"India's Decade of Development," in Economic and Political Weekly, Mumbai with Nirupam Bajpai, Vol. XXXV, No. 16, April 2000.
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"Foreign Direct Investment in India: Issues and Problems," with Nirupam Bajpai. HIID Development Discussion Paper No. 759, March 2000.
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"A Structural Analysis of Chile's Long-Term Growth: History, Prospects, and Policy Implications," with Felipe B. Larrain and Andrew Warner. Prepared for the Government of Chile as part of the Project "Development Strategies in the Context of Natural Resource Abundance and Global Integration: the Case of Chile," January 2000.
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1999

"Why Dollarization is More Straitjacket than Salvation," with Felipe Larrain, in Foreign Policy, No. 116, Fall 1999.
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"Developing Countries and the Control of Climate Change: A Theoretical Perspective and Policy Implications," with Theodore Panayotou and Alix Peterson. HIID CAER II Discussion Paper No. 44, November 1999. [Download as PDF]

"The Progress of Policy Reform and Variation in Performance at the Sub-national level in India," with Nirupam Bajpai. HIID Development Discussion Paper No. 730, November 1999.
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"The State of State Government Finances in India," with Nirupam Bajpai. HIID Discussion Paper No. 719, September 1999.
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"Reflexiones sobre la crisis asiatica," with Wing Thye Woo in Internacionales Cuadernos del Ceri del Centro Espanol de Relaciones, No. 7, September 1999.

"Cracking the Shell Game: Implementing Debt Relief for the HIPC's," in ICSW Social Development Review, September 1999.
[Download paper as PDF]

"Why Do Resource-Abundant Economies Grow More Slowly?," with Francisco Rodriguez in Journal for Economic Growth, 4, pp. 277- 303, September 1999.
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(previously "Natural Resources and Economic Growth: A Quantitative Exploration," with Francisco Rodriguez, mimeo, HIID, Spring 1999 [PDF]).

"Geography and Economic Development," with John Luke Gallup and with Andrew Mellinger, International Regional Science Review, Vol. 22,  No. 2, pp. 179-232, August 1999. 
[Download paper as PDF]
(previously in Pleskovic, Boris and Joseph E. Stiglitz, eds., Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics 1998 (April), The World Bank: Washington, DC [PDF] and in Harvard International Review, Winter 1998/1999).

"Implementing Debt Relief for the HIPCs" with Kwesi Botchwey, Maciej Cuchra, and Sara Sievers. CID, August 1999. CC
[Download paper as PDF]

"Developing Countries and the Control of Climate Change: Empirical Evidence" with Theo Panayotou and Alix Peterson, CAER II Discussion Paper No. 45, August 1999. CC [Download paper as PDF]

"Developing Countries and the Control of Climate Change: A Theoretical Perspective and Policy Implications," with Theo Panayotou and Alix Peterson, prepared for UNAID/CAER II, CAER II Discussion Paper No. 44, August 1999. [Download paper as PDF]

"Brazil Fever," in The Milken Institute Review, Second Quarter, 1999.
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"The International Lender of Last Resort: What are the Alternatives?" Rethinking the International Monetary System Conference Proceedings, Series No. 43, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, June 1999. [Download as PDF]

"The Big Push, Natural Resource Booms and Growth," with Andrew Warner, Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 59, Issue 1, pp. 43-76, June 1999.
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"The Manufactured Exports, Export Platforms, and Economic Growth: Insights from Asia for Egypt," with Steven Radelet and Lisa Cook, HIID May 1999.
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"Pattern of Trade and Economic Development in the Model of Monopolistic Competition," with X. Yang and D. Zhang, CID Working Paper No. 14, April 1999.
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"An Inframarginal Analysis of the Heckscher-Olin Model with Transaction Costs and Technological Comparative Advantage," with W.L. Cheng and X. Yang, CID Working Paper No. 9, April 1999.
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"Trade Pattern and Economic Development when Endogenous and Exogenous Comparative Advantages Coexist," with X. Yang and D. Zhang, CID Working Paper No. 3, April 1999.
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"Twentieth-Century Political Economy: A Brief History of Global Capitalism," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Vol. 115, No. 4, Winter 1999.
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"Strengthening India's Strategy," with Nirupam Bajpai, The Economic Times, (ET Exclusive: Harvard Pundits Reset the Agenda) February 8, 1999.
(previously working paper "Strengthening India's Strategy for Economic Growth," with Nirupam Bajpai, HIID Development Discussion Paper no. 641, July 1998.) [Download paper as PDF file]

"Global Financial Crisis: Lessons for Egypt", Conference- Growth Beyond Stabilization: Prospects for Egypt, Egyptian Center for Economic Studies, February 1999.
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"The Asian Financial Crisis: What Happened and What is to be Done," with Wing Thye Woo, Davidson Institute Working Paper No. 253, January 1999.
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1998

"The External-Debt Problem in Central America" with Gerardo Esquivel and Felipe B. Larrain, Harvard Institute for International Development, Cambridge, MA.,  pp. 251-296.  1998.
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"Geography, Demography, and Economic Growth in Africa," with David Bloom, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 2, 1998.
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"The East Asian Financial Crisis: Diagnosis, Remedies, Prospects," with Steve Radelet, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 1, 1998.
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"Geography and Economic Development: Some Empirical Findings," presented at 1998 AEA meetings in Chicago, published in Proceedings volume.
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"Shipping Costs, Manufactured Exports, and Economic Growth" with Steven Radelet, presented at 1998 AEA meetings in Chicago, published in Proceedings volume.
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"External Debt, Structural Adjustment and Economic Growth," in International Monetary and Financial Issues for the 1990's, Volume IX. Conference volume for United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, 1998.

"Creditor Panics: Causes and Remedies," Cato Journal, Vol. 18, No. 3, Winter 1999.  Also in Research Notes in Economics and Statistics for Deutsche Bank Research, November 1998.
[Download paper as PDF]

"Strengthening India's Strategy for Economic Growth," in Economic and Political Weekly, Volume XXXIII, No. 29 & 30, Mumbai, July 18, 1998, with Nirupam Bajpai.
(previously working paper "Strengthening India's Strategy for Economic Growth," with Nirupam Bajpai, HIID Development Discussion Paper no. 641, July 1998.) [Download paper as PDF file]

"International Economics: Unlocking the Mysteries of Globalization," Foreign Policy, Spring 1998.
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"The IMF and the Asian Flu," The American Prospect, No. 37, March-April 1998. [Download as PDF]

1997

"India's Economic Reforms: Some Lessons from East Asia," with Nirupam Bajpai, Journal of International Trade and Economic Development, Vol. 6,  pp. 135-164, 1997.
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"Asia's Reemergence," with Steven Radelet, Foreign Affairs, Vol. 76, No. 6, November/December 1997.
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"India's Economic Reforms: The Steps Ahead," with Nirupam Bajpai, Journal of International Trade and Economic Development, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1997.
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"Fundamental Sources of Long Run Growth," with Andrew Warner, presented at 1997 AEA meetings in New Orleans, published in Proceedings volume.
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"Sources of Slow Growth in African Economies," with Andrew Warner, Journal of African Economies, vol. 6 no. 3, 1997.
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"Ukraine's Painful Economic Transition," ACE: Analysis of Current Events, Vol. 9, No. 8, August 1997.
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"Economic Reforms in China and India: Selected Issues in Industrial Policy," with Nirupam Bajpai and Tianlun Jian, HIID Development Discussion Paper No. 580, April 1997.
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1996

"Chinese Economic Growth: Explanations and the Tasks Ahead," with Wing Thye Woo, in Joint Economic Committee of the United States Congress, China's Economic Future: Challenges to U.S. Policy, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington D.C., 1996.
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"Emerging Markets and Foreign Aid," in Emerging Markets and International Development: Options for U.S. Foreign Policy, National Planning Association Report, No. 282, 1996

"Trends in Regional Inequality in China," with Tianlun Jian and Andrew Warner, NBER Working Paper Series no. 5412, January 1996, and China Economic Review, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1996.
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"Lessons from Taiwan for Post-Communist Transition: Another Look," with Tianlun Jian, Business and the Contemporary World, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1996.
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"Achieving Rapid Growth: The Road Ahead for Egypt," Distinguished Lecture Series 3, published by The Egyptian Center for Economic Studies, 1996. Click here to order this piece from ECES.
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"Understanding China's Economic Performance," with Wing Thye Woo, HIID Development Discussion Paper #575, December 1996.
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"How to Catch Up with the Industrial World - Achieving Rapid Growth in Europe's Transition Economies," with Andrew Warner, in Transition, Vol. 7, No. 9-10, September-October 1996, World Bank.
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(This article is based on the authors' paper "Achieving Rapid Growth in the Transition Economies of Central Europe," HIID Discussion Paper no. 544, July 1996)

"Achieving Rapid Growth in the Transition Economies of Central Europe," with Andrew Warner, HIID Development Discussion Paper #544, July 1996.
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"Alternative Approaches to Financial Crises in Emerging Markets," Revista de Economia Politica, Vol. 16, No. 2, April-June 1996.
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"Resource Endowments and the Real Exchange Rate: A Comparison of Latin America and East Asia," presented at conference in Hong Kong, June 19, 1996, as part of Seventh Annual East Asian Seminar on Economics, forthcoming in conference volume and as NBER Discussion Paper. [Download paper as PDF]

"The Transition at Mid Decade," American Economic Review, May 1996. [Download as PDF]

"Financial Crises in Emerging Markets: The Lessons from 1995," with Andres Velasco and Aaron Tornell, NBER Working Paper Series no. 5576, May 1996.
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"The Collapse of the Mexican Peso: What Have We Learned?," with Andres Velasco and Aaron Tornell, Economic Policy, No. 22, April 1996. [Download as PDF]

"Brazilian Inflation and the 'Plano Real'," with Alvaro Zini, Revista de Economia Politica, Vol. 15, No. 2(58), April-June 1995, and The World Economy, Vol. 19, No. 1, January 1996.
[Download paper as PDF]

1995

"Old Myths About Poland's Reforms Die Hard," Transition: The Newsletter About Reforming Economies, Vol. 6, No. 11-12, November-December 1995, pp. 11-12, World Bank Transition Economics Division. [Download as PDF]

"Why Russia Failed to Stabilize," in Russian Economic Reform at Risk, edited by Anders Aslund, Pinter:London, 1995.
[Download paper as PDF]

"Comment on Rebelo and Vegh 'Real Effects of Exchange-Rate-Based Stabilization: An Analysis of Competing Theories'", in NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1995, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1995. [Download as PDF]

"Shock Therapy in Poland: Perspectives of Five Years," The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, Vol. 16, University of Utah, 1995.
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"Natural Resources Abundance and Economic Growth," with Andrew Warner, HIID Development Discussion Paper #517a, October 1995.
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"The Age of Global Capitalism," Foreign Policy, No. 98, Spring 1995.

"Economic Reform and the Process of Global Integration," with Andrew Warner, presented at Brookings Panel on April 7, 1995.  Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 1, 1995.
[Download paper as PDF]

"Reforms in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union in Light of the East Asian Experiences," presented at NBER-TCER- CEPR Trilateral Conference on Transition from Socialist Economies, Tokyo, Janauary 6-7, 1995. Published in Journal of the Japanese and International Economies. [Download as PDF]

1994

"Trade and Jobs in U.S. Manufacturing," with Howard Shatz, in Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 1, 1994, and in Economic Policy, ed. Paul Whiteley, Gloucester, England: Elgar Publishing. [Download as PDF]

"Understanding 'Shock Therapy'," Social Market Foundation Occasional Paper No. 7, London, 1994.
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"The IMF and Economies in Crisis," presented at London School of Economics, July 1994, forthcoming in LSE publication.

"Buying Time for Democracy," in European Brief, Vol. 1, No. 5, April/May 1994.
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"Russia's Struggle with Stabilization: Conceptual Issues and Evidence," presented at Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics, April 28, 1994, Washington, DC. Published in conference volume.
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"Structural Factors in the Economic Reforms of China, Eastern Europe, and the Former Soviet Union", with Wing Thye Woo, Economic Policy, 18, April 1994.
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1993

"An Update on Reform in Eastern Europe and Russia," China Economic Review, Volume 4, Number 2. 1993.
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"Reply to Jan Adam," Economics of Planning 26, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1993.
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"Reussir la stabilization monetaire en 1993", in Economie Internationale, No. 54, 2 trimestre, 1993 (CEPII publication).

"Western Financial Assistance and Russia's Reforms," in Making Markets, S. Islam and M. Mandelbaum (eds.), New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1993.

"The Russian Mass Privatization Program," with Bozidar Djelic, Privatisation Yearbook 1993, Rodney Lord (ed.), London: Privatisation International, 1993.
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"The Economic Transformation of Eastern Europe: The Case of Poland," in Stabilization and Privatization in Poland, K. Poznanski (ed.), (International Studies in Economics and Econometrics, Vol. 29), Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1993.
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"International Linkages of the Korean Economy: Simulations with the Korean Global Model," with Jong-Wha Lee and Peter Boone, Seoul Journal of Economics, Vol. 6, No. 4, Winter 1993.
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"Prospects for Monetary Stabilization in Russia," presented at the Conference on the Economic Transformation in Russia, Stockholm, June 1993. In Economic Transformation in Russia, Anders Aslund (ed.), 1994. Introduction to Paper Tigers & Minotaurs: The Politics of Venezuela's Economic Reforms, by Moises Naim, A Carnegie Endowment Book, 1993.
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"Some Historical Perspectives on Chinese and Russian Economic Reforms," presented at conference in San Francisco on Transition of Centrally Planned Economies in Pacific Asia, published in conference volume.

1992

"Prospects for Russia's Economic Reforms," with David Lipton, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 2, 1992.
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"Privatization in Russia : Some Lessons from Eastern Europe," paper presented at ASSA meetings in New Orleans, January 1992, American Economic Review, Spring 1992. Also published in Soumitra Sharma (ed.), Development Policy (London: St. Martin's Press, Inc.), 1992.
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"Structural Adjustment and International Trade in Eastern Europe: the Case of Poland," with Andrew Berg, Economic Policy, Vol. 7, No. 14, pp. 117-173, April 1992.
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1991

"Poland's Big Bang After One Year," Skandianaviska Enskilda Banken Quarterly Review, 1-2, 1991.
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"Spontaneous Privatization: A Comment," in Soviet Economy, Vol. 7, No. 4, October-December 1991.

"Dynamic Strategic Monetary Policies and Coordination in Interdependent Economies: Comment," with A. de Crombrugghe and N. Roubini, American Economic Review, December 1991. [Download as PDF]

"Poland and Eastern Europe: What is to be Done?" in Foreign Economics Liberalization, Andras Koves and Paul Marer (eds.), Westview Press, 1991.
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1990

"Privatization in Eastern Europe: The Case of Poland," with David Lipton and Lawrence H. Summers, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1990:2, and in Reforming Central and Eastern European Economies, V. Corbo, F. Coricelli, and J. Bossak (eds.), A World Bank Symposium. 1991.
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"Creating a Market Economy in Eastern Europe: The Case of Poland," with David Lipton, Stanley Fischer and Janos Kornai, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 1, 1990.
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"A Strategy for Efficient Debt Reduction," Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 4, No. 1, Winter 1990. Reprinted in International Economics and International Economic Policy: A Reader, Philip King (ed.), McGraw-Hill, Inc.:New York, 1995.
[Download as PDF]

1989

"Efficient Debt Reduction," in Dealing with the Debt Crisis, Ishrat Husain and Ishac Diwan (eds.), A World Bank Syposium, Washington, DC., 1989.

"The Debt Overhang of Developing Countries," in G. Calvo et al. (eds.)Debt Stabilization & Development - Essays in Memory of Carlos Diaz- Alejandro, WIDER/UNU (Helsinki) and Basil Blackwell Inc., 1989.
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"Bolivia's Economic Crisis," with Juan Antonio Morales, in J. Sachs (ed.), Foreign Debt and Economic Performance, National Bureau of Economic Research and University of Chicago Press, 1989; and Developing Country Debt and Economic Performance: Country Studies--Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Mexico, Vol 2, University of Chicago, 1990. (previously NBER Working Paper 2620) [Download as PDF]

"Default and Renegotiation of Latin American Foreign Bonds in the Interwar Period," with Erika Jorgensen, in B. Eichengreen and P. Lindert (eds.), A Long Run Perspective on the Debt Crisis, 1989. . Also NBER Working Paper No. 2636, June 1988.
[Download paper as PDF]

"Sachs-McKibbin Global Model," with Warwick McKibbin, Brookings Discussion Paper #78, August 1989.

"New Approaches to the Latin American Debt Crisis," Princeton Studies in International Finance, No. 174, July 1989, Princeton, NJ. Spanish translation in E1 Trimestre Economico, Vol. LVI (1), No. 221, Mexico, March 1989.

1988

"Comprehensive Debt Retirement: The Bolivian Example," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 2, 1988.
[Download paper as PDF]

"Global Adjustments to a Shrinking U.S. Trade Deficit," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 2, 1988.
[Download paper as PDF]

"Bolivia: 1952-1986," with J.A. Morales, Country Studies, No. 6, International Center for Economic Growth, San Francisco, 1988.
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"Review Essay: 'Recent Studies of the Latin American Debt Crisis'," Latin American Research Review, Vol. XXIII, no. 3 (1988) pp. 170-179.
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"Coordination of Monetary and Fiscal Policies in the Industrial Economies," with W. McKibbin, in Jacob A. Frenkel (ed.), International Aspects of Fiscal Policies, National Bureau of Economic Research and University of Chicago Press, 1988.
(previously NBER Working Paper 1800)

"Social Conflict and Populist Policies in Latin America" prepared for conference on "Markets, Institutions, and Cooperations: Labour Relations and Economic Performance," Venice, Italy, October 1988, in R. Brunetta and C. Dell-Aringa (eds.), Labour Relations and Economic Performance, MacMillan Press, 1989. Spanish translation in Revista de Economica Politica, Vol. 10, No. 1(37), Jan-March, 1990, Sao Paulo, Brazil, and republished in Luiz Carlos Bresser Pereira, Populismo Economico (Sao Paulo: Livraria Nobel S.A.) 1991.

"International Policy Coordination: The Case of the Developing Country Debt Crisis," in Martin Feldstein, International Economic Cooperation, National Bureau of Economic Research and University of Chicago Press, 1988. [Download as PDF]

"International Payments Imbalances of the East Asian Developing Economies," with Mark Sundberg, in Fieleke, N.S. (ed.) International Payments Imbalances in the 1980s, Proceedings of a conference held in October 1988, Conference series No. 32, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston. [Download as PDF]

"Political and Economic Determinants of Budget Deficits in the Industrial Democracies," with N. Roubini, presented at International Seminar on Macroeconomics, Tokyo, June 7-8, 1988, published in European Economic Review, Vol. 33, No. 5, pp. 903-938, 1989 (North-Holland).
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"Institutional Aspects of High Unemployment in the Federal Republic of Germany," with M. Burda, NBER Working Paper Series, No. 2241, May 1987, in World Economy, Fall 1988.
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"Prospects for Global Trade Imbalances: A Simulation Approach," Seoul Journal of Economics, Vol. 1, No. 1, (Seoul National University), pp. 41-74, March, 1988. Also published in Advanced Lectures in Quantitative Economics, F. van der Ploeg (ed.), Academic Press, 1990. [Download as PDF]

1987

"U.S. Commercial Banks and the Developing-Country Debt Crisis," with Harry Huizinga, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1987:2.
[Download paper as PDF]

"Political Parties and the Business Cycle in the United States, 1948-1984," with A. Alesina, in Journal of Money, Credit, and Banking, 1987. [Download as PDF]

"The Bolivia Hyperinflation and Stabilization," American Economic Review, Vol. 77, No. 2, May, 1987.
[Download paper as PDF]

1986

"Managing the LDC Debt Crisis," with John Williamson, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 2, 1986.
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"A New Approach for Managing the Debt Crisis," The Columbia Journal of World Business, Vol. XXI, No. 3, Fall 1986.
[Download paper as PDF]

1985

"International Policy Coordination in Dynamic Macroeconomic Models," with Gilles Oudiz, in International Economic Policy Coordination, W. Buiter and R. Marston (eds.), Cambridge University Press, 1985. [Download as PDF]

"Exchange Rates and Economic Recovery in the 1930s," with B. Eichengreen, in Journal of Economic History, Vol. XLV, No. 4, December 1985. Also published in facsimile series entitled "Depression and the New Deal," Stephen Burwood (ed.), Garland Publishing Inc. (Hamden, CT), 1989/90.
(previously NBER Working Paper 1498) [Download as PDF]

"Growth and External Debt Under Risk of Debt Repudiation," with Daniel Cohen, European Economic Review, 1985, and in International Volatility and Economic Growth, G. de Menil and R. Gordon (eds.), North-Holland, 1991. (previously NBER Working Paper 1703). [Download as PDF]

"External Debt and Macroeconomic Performance in Latin America and East Asia," with John Williamson, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 2, 1985.
[Download paper as PDF]

"Comment: Latin American Debt: I Don't Think We Are in Kansas Anymore" (by Diaz Alejandro), Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 2, 1985.

"The Dollar and the Policy Mix: 1985," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 1, 1985. Reproduced in Recent Developments in Macroeconomics, Edmund Phelps (ed.), Edward Elgar Publ. Ltd., Glasgow. (previously NBER Working Paper 1636). [Download as PDF]

"The Effects of OECD Macroeconomic Policies on the Developing Countries," with Warwick McKibbin, presented at World Bank Conference, in conference volume, 1985, and in Seoul Journal of Economics, 1985.

"LDC Borrowing with Default Risk," with D. Cohen, Kredit und Kapital, 1985.
(previously NBER Working Paper 925).

"Macroeconomic Interdependence of Japan and the United States: Some Simulation Results," with N. Ishii and W. McKibbin, in Journal of Policy Modelling, Winter 1985, pp. 533-572.
(previously NBER Working Paper 1637)

1984

"Theoretical Issues in International Borrowing," Princeton Studies in International Finance, No. 54, 1984 (published in Spanish translation in Estudios Economicos, July-December, 1986). Reprinted in Graham Bird and P. Nicholas Snowden (eds.), International Debt, Volume I, Edward Elgar Publ. Ltd., U.K., 1995.
(previously NBER Working Paper 1189)

"Macroeconomic Policy Coordination Among the Industrial Economies," with Gilles Oudiz, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 1, 1984.
[Download paper as PDF]

"The United States in the World Economy, 1983," The Economic Outlook, University of Michigan, 1984.      
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"La Politique Budgetaire et le Taux de Change Reel," with Charles Wyplosz, Annales de l'Insee, Vol. 53, pp.63-92, January-March, 1984. French version of "Reala Exchange Rate Effects of Fiscal Policy," 1983. [Download as PDF]

1983

"Real Exchange Rate Effects of Fiscal Policy," with Charles Wyplosz, 1983, Econometrica.
(previously NBER Working Paper 1255)

"Comment: Identifying the Effects of Structural Change" (Laurence Klein), Industrial Change and Public Policy, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, 1983.

"Real Wages and Unemployment in the OECD Countries," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 1, 1983.
[Download paper as PDF]

"Accumulation and Growth in a Two-Country Model," with D. Lipton, Journal of International Economics, Vol. 15, No. 1-2, pp. 135-159, August 1983. (previously NBER Working Paper 572)
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1982

"Anticipations, Recessions, and Policy: An Intertemporal Disequilibrium Model," with Olivier Blanchard, Annales de l'Insee, No. 47-48, July-December 1982. (previously NBER Working Paper 971) [Download as PDF]

"The Oil Shocks and Macroeconomic Adjustment in the United States," European Economic Review 18, 1982. [Download paper as PDF]

"The Current Account in the Macroeconomic Adjustment Process," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Vol. 84, No. 2, 1982. [Download paper as PDF]

"Comment: Policy Analysis with Econometric Models (by Sims)," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 1, 1982. [Download paper as PDF]

"Energy and Resource Allocation: A Dynamic Model of the Dutch Disease," with Michael Bruno, published in special issue of Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 49, No. 159, 845-859, for the Cambridge University Conference on Unemployment, July, 1982. (previously NBER Working Paper 852) [Download paper as PDF]

"Stabilization Policies in the World Economy: Scope and Skepticism," American Economic Review, May 1982. (previously NBER Working Paper 862). [Download as PDF]

1981

"The Supply Approach to Oil Shocks and the Slowdown in Japanese Economic Growth," Toko Keizai Shinpo Sha (The Oriental Economist), 1981.

"The Current Account and Macroeconomic Adjustment in the 1970's," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 1, 1981. (previously NBER Working Paper 796)
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"Supply Versus Demand Approaches to the Problem of Stagflation," with Michael Bruno, in H. Giersch (ed.), Macroeconomic Policies for Growth and Stability, (Kiel: Institut fur Weltwirtschaft, 1981).(previously NBER Working Paper 382)

"A Comparison of the Japanese and U.S. Macroeconomic Responses to the Oil Price Shocks," presented at the Conference on Problems in Fiscal and Monetary Policies in the U.S. and Japan, sponsored by the Japan Ministry of Finance and the U.S.-Japan program of Harvard University, in Tokyo, August, 1981, and published in conference volume.

"Input Price Shocks and the Slowdown in Economic Growth," with Michael Bruno, published in special issue of Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 49, No. 159, pp. 679-706, 1982 for the Cambridge University Conference on Unemployment, July 1981. Also published in Greenhalgh, layard and Esward (eds.) The Causes of Unemployment, Clarendon Press, Oxford, England, 1983.  (previously NBER Working Paper 851) [Download paper as PDF]

"The Current Account and Exchange Rates in the OECD," presented at 5th International Conference of the University of Paris-Dauphine on Money and International Monetary Problems, June 15-17, 1981, and published in conference volume, E. Glaassen and P. Salin (eds.), Recent Issues in the Theory of Flexible Exchange Rates (North-Holland: Amsterdam), 1983.

1980

"Comment: Oil and Economic Performance in Industrial Countries (by Nordhaus)," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 2, 1980.

"Comment: International Adjustment with Wage Rigidity (by Branson and Rotemberg)," European Economic Review, 1980. [Download paper as PDF]

"The Changing Cyclical Behavior of Wages and Prices, 1890-1976," American Economic Review, Vol. 70, No. 1, March 1980. (previously NBER Working Paper 304) [Download paper as PDF]

"Stocks and Prices and Materials in the Macro-Model," with O. Blanchard, March, 1980, Harvard.

1979

"Wages, Profits, and Macroeconomic Adjustment: A Comparative Study," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, pp. 269-319, Issue 2, 1979. Reprodoced in Recent Developments in Macroeconomics, Edmund Phelps (ed.), Edward Elgar Publ. Ltd., Glasgow. [Download paper as PDF]

0000

"Market Led Industrialization and Globalization," with X. Yang, Journal of Economic Integration, Vol. 17, No. 2, June 2002.
(previously "Gradual Spread of Market-Led Industrialization," with X. Yang, CID Working Paper No. 11, April 1999) [Download paper as PDF]

"Accelerating Privatization in Eastern Europe: The Case of Poland," WIDER Working Paper 92, September 1991. Also published in Proceedings of the World Bank Annual Conference in Development Economics 1991. [Download as PDF]

"Debt Reduction: the Basis and Shape of a New Strategy," with Josef Kneer, in Intereconomics, January/February 1990.
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"Government Spending and Budget Deficits in the Industrial Economies," with N. Roubini, NBER Working Paper No. 2919, Economic Policy 8. April 1989. [Download as PDF]

"Japanese Structural Adjustment and the Balance of Payments," with Peter Boone, Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Vol. 2, Issue 3, pp. 286-327, September 1988. [Download as PDF]

"Comparing the Global Performance of Alternative Exchange Arrangements," with W. McKibbin, NBER Working Paper Series, No. 2024, September 1986, in the Journal of Policy Modelling, 1988.
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"Multiple Shooting in Two-Point Boundary Value Problems," with D. Lipton, J. Poterba, and L. Summers, Econometrica, Vol. 50, No. 5, September 1982. [Download paper as PDF]

"Wages, Flexible Exchange Rates, and Macroeconomic Policy," Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. XCIV, No. 4, pp. 731-748, June 1980. [Download paper as PDF]