Articles by Jeffrey Sachs

Topic: Africa

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2013

"Zero new HIV infections among children can be a reality," with Michel Sidibé, CNN, September 16, 2013.

"Global Development’s Winning Goals," Project Syndicate, August 27, 2013.

"Bring Back Egypt’s Elected Government," Project Syndicate, July 15, 2013.

"Restore Egypt's Elected Government," Huffington Post, July 10, 2013.

"A General Equilibrium Model for Analyzing African Rural Subsistence Economies and an African Green Revolution," with John W. McArthur, Brookings Africa Growth Initiative Working Paper 12, June 2013.

"1 million community health workers in sub-Saharan Africa by 2015," with Prabhjot Singh, The Lancet, March 29, 2013. [Download PDF here]

"Mali is just the latest example of failed western thinking," Financial Times, February 7, 2013. [Download PDF]

"Writing the Future," Project Syndicate, January 24, 2013. Download as [PDF]

"The One-Million Community Health Worker Campaign," with Prabhjot Singh, Global Health and Diplomacy, Winter 2013. Download as [PDF]

2012

 "Polluters Must Pay," Project Syndicate, November 26, 2012. Download as [PDF]

"Government, Geography, and Growth: The True Drivers of Economic Development," Foreign Affairs, September/October 2012. Download as [PDF]

"Washing Up - and Saving Lives by the Millions," with Paul Polman, Huffington Post, October 15, 2012. Download as [PDF]

"Achieving universal health coverage in low-income settings," The Lancet, September 8, 2012. Download as [PDF]

"Tackling Extreme Rural Poverty in Northern Ghana," Huffington Post, August 28, 2012. Download as [PDF]

The push for a “Green Revolution” in African agriculture has boosted crop yields as much as three-fold and helped reduce hunger for about 20 million rural Africans. But the remarkable effort has yet to reach 250 million rural people who remain malnourished in rural Sub-Saharan regions.

Now, two new programs in Ethiopia and Tanzania will adapt modern technology such as an innovative “lab-in-a-box,” smartphones and web-based communications linked to digital soil mapping, along with intensive training for agricultural extension workers, to broaden the reach of that “Green Revolution.”

The two collaborative projects are being funded by grants from the DuPont and  Monsanto companies, announced Friday, which will strengthen the work of researchers from the Tropical Agriculture and Rural Environment Program at the Earth Institute, Columbia University, in cooperation with agricultural agencies in the two countries and several other partners.

“This is the beginning of very effective relationship between our university, our African partners, and two leading private sector companies who are committed to address food security in Africa,” Pedro Sanchez, director of the Tropical Agriculture Program, said. “These two leading seed companies recognize that without precise information on how to replenish the fertility of African soils, improved seeds of all crops will not reach their potential.”

The Earth Institute and its partners have played a major role in combating hunger in Africa since 2004, when then-UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan called for “a uniquely African Green Revolution.” Sanchez and others working on the UN Millennium Project Task Force on Hunger released a report the following year making recommendations they said could reduce hunger by half by 2015.

The Tropical Agriculture Program and its partners started the African Soil Information Service (AfSIS) in 2009 to develop a digital map of soil properties of the non-desert portions of Sub-Saharan Africa. Understanding nutrient levels, water retention and other properties of soils – and getting that information back to farmers in a timely way – is key to helping the region feed its people.

DuPont is contributing $1 million over three years for the agronomic dimension of the Tropical Agriculture project in Ethiopia.

Monsanto will contribute $400,000 for a similar project in Tanzania for the first year of a planned three-year effort – part of $50 million in grants the company has pledged to support agricultural development in Sub-Saharan Africa.

The Tropical Agriculture program is seeking support for similar work in Nigeria and Ghana, the two other countries where a second phase of the digital soil map project is planned.

“Developing this system will begin to overcome one of the major constraints currently faced in Africa that impedes the practical use of soils information,” the proposal states. “Crop yields will increase, decreasing hunger, improving nutrition, improving soil health and facilitating the use of improved varieties and hybrids.”

The system should help farmers determine optimal fertilizer blends in each area, and increase the productivity of hybrids for important crops such as maize that are designed to adapt to conditions in various regions.

The results of the project could be applied to other growing areas that have been stuck for years with low yields in Sub-Saharan Africa, Haiti and elsewhere.

The grant announcements coincide with a major new public-private initiative by the Obama administration to improve nutrition and help farmers in Africa build local markets and improve productivity. Among the private participants are DuPont and Monsanto and other companies, including nearly 20 from Africa.

"Aid Works," Project Syndicate, May 30, 2012. Download as [PDF]

"Primary Health Care in Low-Income Countries: Building on Recent Achievements," Journal of the American Medical Association, May 16, 2012. [Download as PDF]

"Global health within our grasp, if we don't give up," CNN Opinion, May 9, 2012. [Download as PDF]

"The effect of an integrated multisector model for achieving the Millennium Development Goals and improving child survival in rural sub-Saharan Africa: a non-randomised controlled assessment," with Paul M Pronyk, Maria Muniz, Ben Nemser, Marie-Andrée Somers, Lucy McClellan, Cheryl A Palm, Uyen Kim Huynh, Yanis Ben Amor, Belay Begashaw, John W McArthur, Amadou Niang, Sonia Ehrlich Sachs, Prabhjot Singh, and Awash Teklehaimanot. The Lancet, May 8, 2012. Download as [PDF]

"How Malawi Fed Its Own People," International Herald Tribune, April 19, 2012. [Download as PDF]

"The new World Bank president should strive to make a difference in Africa," Daily Nation, March 6, 2012. [Download as PDF]

"Breakthrough in Saving Lives in Rural Africa," Huffington Post, January 17, 2012. [Download as PDF]

"Nigeria Hurtles Into a Tense Crossroad," International Herald Tribune, January 10, 2012. [Download as PDF]

2011

"Effective monitoring of agriculture: a response," Journal of Environmental Monitoring, December 20, 2011. [Download as PDF]

"Challenges at the Cutting Edge of Fighting Global Poverty," Huffington Post, December 4, 2011. [Download as PDF]

"Politicians just don't care enough to tackle this scourge," The Independent, November 30, 2011. [Download as PDF]

"Washington Leaves Millions to Die," Huffington Post, November 25, 2011. [Download as PDF]

"Multisector intervention to accelerate reductions in child stunting: an observational study from 9 sub-Saharan African countries," with Roseline Remans, Paul M Pronyk, Jessica C Fanzo, Jiehua Chen, Cheryl A Palm, Bennett Nemser, Maria Muniz, Alex Radunsky, Alem Hadera Abay, Mouctar Coulibaly, Joseph Mensah-Homiah, Margaret Wagah, Xiaoyi An, Christine Mwaura, Eva Quintana, Marie-Andree Somers, Pedro A Sanchez, Sonia E Sachs, and John W McArthur. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 95, October 26, 2011.

"The Budget for True National Security," Huffington Post, October 7, 2011. [Download as PDF]

"In the Front Line," Our Planet, September 2011. [Download as PDF]

"Famine and Hope in the Horn of Africa." Project Syndicate. July 31, 2011. [Download as PDF]

"Need Versus Greed," Project Syndicate, February 28, 2011. [Download as PDF]

2010

"Millennium Goals, Five Years to Go," Huffington Post, September 19, 2010. [Download as PDF]

"Saying "Nuts" to Hunger," Huffington Post, September 9, 2010. [Download as PDF]

"Improving Empirical Estimation of Demographic Drivers: Fertility, Child Mortality & Malaria Ecology," with Gordon McCord and Dalton Conley. August 2010
[Download as PDF]

"Educated women hold the key to ending poverty." The Independent. April 18, 2010. [Download as PDF]

2009

"Can we feed and save the planet?" Scientific American. December 2009. [Download as PDF]

"Good News on Malaria Control." Scientific American. August 2009.

"Digital Soil Map of the World." with Pedro A. Sanchez, Sonya Ahamed, Florence Carré, Alfred E. Hartemink, Jonathan Hempel, Jeroen Huising, Philippe Lagacherie, Alex B. McBratney, Neil J. McKenzie, Maria de Lourdes Mendonça-Santos, Budiman Minasny, Luca Montanarella, Peter Okoth, Cheryl A. Palm, Keith D. Shepherd, Tor-Gunnar Vågen, Bernard Vanlauwe, Markus G. Walsh, Leigh A. Winowiecki, Gan-Lin Zhang. Science. 7 August 2009.

"Still Needed: A Climate Plan", Scientific American, July 2009

Senate Foreign Relations Committee Hearings on
"The Case for Reform: Foreign Aid and Development in a New Era", 22 July 2009
[Download in PDF format]

"Towards a global fund for the health MDGs?" with Paul Pronyk. The Lancet. 20 June 2009.

"No Need to Oversimplify Poverty." Huffington Post. 1 June 2009. [Download as PDF]

"The New Global War on Malaria" with Raymond G. Chambers, in Realizing the Right to Health, Volume 3, Andrew Clapham and Mary Robinson, eds. ruffer & rub, Zurich 2009
[Download as PDF]

"Moyo's Confused Attack on Aid for Africa," with John McArthur. Huffington Post. 27 May 2009. [Download as PDF]

"Without Aid, Rwanda's Investment Programmes Would Have Collapsed." Financial Times. 27 May 2009. [Download as PDF]

"Aid Ironies." Huffington Post. 24 May 2009. [Download as PDF]

"The big ZERO in G20," with Brett House. Mail & Guardian. 21 April 2009. [Download as PDF]

"Homegrown Aid." The New York Times. 8 April 2009. [Download as PDF]

"3 billion poor people need world's help." CNN.com. 20 March 2009. [Download as PDF]

"Recession Watch: Boost the Developing World." Nature. 18 February 2009.  [Download as PDF]

"Input Subisidies to Improve Smallholder Maize Productivity in Malawi: Toward an African Green Revolution", with Glenn Denning, Patrick Kabambe, Pedro Sanchez, Alia Malik, Rafael Flor, Rebbie Harawa, Phelire Nkhoma, Colleen Zamba, Clement Banda, Chrispin Magombo, Michael Keating, and Justine Wangila. PLoS Biology, 7(1): e1000023. 27 January 2009. [Download article as PDF]

"Smallholder Food Production and Poverty Reduction: Principles for a Financial Coordination Mechanism to Support Smallholder Farmers." Ad Hoc Advisory Group to the Madrid Conference on Food Security,
Chaired by Prof. Jeffrey Sachs. IDEAS Foundation. 26 January 2009.
[Download as PDF]

2008

"Elite Education, Advanced Research and Innovation - Europe and the US in the Face of Challenges from the 'New World'" 8th Haniel Lecture, Duisburg, Germany, November 13, 2008
[Download in PDF format]

"This week should see real progress on poverty alleviation." Financial Times. 22 September 2008. [Download as PDF]

"Millennium Goals at the Midpoint." Scientific American. August 2008.

"Safety in Numbers." Time. 28 August 2008. [Download as PDF]

"The Digital War on Poverty." The Guardian. 21 August 2008. [Download as PDF]

"The Millennium Development Goals: running out of excuses." G8 Summit 2008 publication. July 2008.
[Download as PDF]

"Land, Water and Conflict." Newsweek. July 2008. [Download as PDF]

"A Deadline on Malaria." Scientific American. July 2008.

"How to Solve the Growing Global Food Crisis, in Three Steps." NY Daily News. 23 July 2008. [Download as PDF]

"A User's Guide to the Century." The National Interest. 2 July 2008. [Download as PDF]

"Less talk, more action needed." The Guardian. 25 June 2008.

"The African Green Revolution." Scientific American. May 2008.

"How to Feed the World." Newsweek. 10 May 2008. [Download as PDF]

"Bhagwati and Sachs on the Food Crisis." International Herald Tribune. 7 May 2008. [Download as PDF]

"Paths to Peace Through Compassion, Cooperation and Sustainable Development." SGI, 24 January 2009.

2007

"Scaling up Malaria Control in Africa: An Economic and Epidemiological Assessment," with Awash Teklehaimanot and Gordon C. McCord. The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 77(Suppl 6), 2007, pp. 138–144. [Download Paper as PDF]
This article was also published as NBER Working Paper 13664, December 2007.
[Download Paper as PDF]

"Ending Malaria Deaths in Africa." Scientific American. October 2007. [Download as PDF]

The African Millennium Villages,” with Pedro Sanchez, Cheryl Palm, Glenn Denning, Rafael Flor, Rebbie Harawa, Bashir Jama, Tsegazeab Kiflemariam, Bronwen Konecky, Raffaela Kozar, Eliud Lelerai, Alia Malik, Vijay Modi, Patrick Mutuo, Amadou Niang, Herine Okoth, Frank Place, Sonia Ehrlich Sachs, Amir Said, David Siriri, Awash Teklehaimanot, Karen Wang, Justine Wangila, and Colleen Zamba. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Special Feature: Sustainability Science, 104 , no. 43 (October, 23 2007): 1677580.

2007 Cardozo International Advocate for Peace Award: Acceptance Speech, 17 October 2007
[Download in PDF format]

"Making Development Less Risky." Scientific American. August 2007. [Download as PDF]

"What a Little Fertilizer Can Do." Time. 26 July 2007.
[Download as PDF]

"How I'd fix the World Bank." Fortune. 26 June 2007.
[Download as PDF]

"How the Rich World can Help Africa Help Itself." Financial Times. 30 May 2007.
[Download as PDF]

"Rapid Victories Against Extreme Poverty," Scientific American. April 2007.
[Download as PDF]

"Take the guessing out of giving aid to Africa." Financial Times. 1 March 2007.

[Download as PDF]

"Africa's Lagging Demographic Transition: Evidence from Exogenous Impacts of Malaria Ecology and Agricultural Techonology," with Dalton Conley and Gordon C. McCord. NBER Working Paper 12892. February 2007.

[Download paper as PDF]

"The Neglected Tropical Diseases." Scientifc American. January 2007.

[Download in PDF format]

"The $10 Solution." TIME Magazine. 4 January 2007. [Download as PDF]

2006

"The Challenge of Sustainable Water." Scientific American. December 2006.
[Download article as PDF]

Poverty, AIDS and Hunger: Breaking the Poverty Trap in Malawi, with Anne C. Conroy, Malcolm J. Blackie, Alan Whiteside, Justin C. Malawezi, Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

"Lower Fertility: A Wise Investment." Scientific American. September 2006.
[Download article as PDF]

"Does Conservation Matter to the Poor?" Nature Conservancy Magazine. Summer 2006. 
[Dowload article as PDF]

"Virtuous Circles and Fragile States." Scientific American. August 2006.
[Download article as PDF]

"75th Anniversary of AIDS Pandemic: 10 cents for every $100 Could Save Millions of Lives." ABC News Online. 2 June 2006.
[Download article as PDF]

"Investments Toward Sustainable Development," with Walter V. Reid. Science, Vol. 312. 19 May 2006.
[Download article as PDF]

"Aid Skeptics Thrive on Pessimism." Los Angeles Times. 7 May 2006.
[Download article as PDF]

"Net Gains." The New York Times. 29 April 2006. 
[Download article as PDF

"How to Help the Poor: Piecemeal Progress or Strategic Plans?" The Lancet, Vol. 367, No. 9519. 22 April 2006.
[Download article as PDF]

2005

The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time, The Penguin Press: New York, 2005.

Investing in Development: A Practical Plan to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals, UN Millennium Project, (Director),  Earthscan: New York, 2005.

"Understanding African Poverty: Beyond the Washington Consensus to the Millennium Development Goals Approach," with Gordon McCord and Wing Thye Woo, in Africa in the World Economy, Jan Joost Teunissen and Age Akkerman (eds.), FONDAD: The Hague, 2005.
[Download chapter in PDF format]

"The Time for Action," DACNews, September-October 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"The Cost of Making the Poor Pay," SciDev.Net, with Awash Teklehaimanot & Gordon McCord, October 31, 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"A Role for Everyone," Alliance Magazine, September 2005.  Interview with Jeffrey Sachs.
[Download article in PDF format]

“2005 – The Year of Development,” Commonwealth Finance Ministers Reference Report 2005, September 2005
[Download article in PDF format]

“What it will take to meet the Millennium Development Goals,” with John McArthur and Guido Schmidt-Traub, Sustainable Development International, Fifteenth Edition, September 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"Ambition and action are as important as commitments," Financial Times, 15 September 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"Millennium Development Goals 'not doomed to fail,' SciDev.Net, with John McArthur and Guido Schmidt-Traub, 13 September 2005. [Download as PDF]

"US leadership may be set to reach a consensus with the world's poorest," Financial Times, September 13, 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

2005 U.N. World Summit Blog, Financial Times (online),  September 12-16, 2005.
[Download blog in PDF format]

"Why Aid Does Matter," BBC Online, 11 September 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"Beckoning for our Hands," The Guardian, September 7, 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"Look Into the Future," The Guardian (special supplement), September 3, 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"Economic Possibilities for our Time," 16th Annual Panglaykim Memorial Lecture, Jakarta, Indonesia, August 2005.
[Download transcript in PDF format]

"A European Development Fund for the MDGs," with John McArthur and Guido Schmidt-Traub, Revamping Development Efforts: An Assessment of Development Policy in the EU, European Policy Centre Issue Paper 36, July 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"Hope and generosity can triumph over hate," Financial Times, July 11, 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"Spirit of London a Lesson for the World," Financial Times (online), July 4-8, 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"The year of development," G8 Summit 2005: Mapping the Challenges, Newsdesk/Agora, 6-8 July 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"How Africa lit up the world," Sunday Times Magazine, July 3, 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"The End of Poverty," Optima, Vol. 51, No. 2, June 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"Four Easy Pieces," The New York Times, June 25, 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"Africa's Suffering is Bush's Shame," Los Angeles Times, June 12, 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"The Development Challenge", Foreign Affairs, March/April 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"Augmenter l'aide publique avant qu'il ne soit trop tard," Jeune Afrique l'Intelligent - l'Etat de l'Afrique 2005, April 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"The end of the world as we know it," The Guardian, April 5, 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"It is time to free the World Bank," Financial Times, March 23, 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"The End of Poverty," Time, March 14, 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"What the President Doesn't Want to Hear," Esquire, February 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"An accountable approach to aid," Financial Times, January 24, 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"The Millennium Project: A plan to meet the Millennium Development Goals," Lancet, Vol. 365, January 22, 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"A Practical Plan to End Poverty," Washington Post, January 17, 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"The Class System of Catastrophe," Time, January 10, 2005.
[Download PDF in English]
[Download PDF in Persian]

2004

“We Can End World Hunger: Here’s How,” with Pedro Sanchez, World Ark, November/ December 2004.
[Download article in PDF format]

"Health in the Developing World: Achieving the Millennium Development Goals," Bulletin of the World Health Organization, Volume 82, No. 12, December 2004.
[Download paper as PDF]

"Book Review: Solving Global Crises: Economists Alone are not Enough," Lancet, Vol. 364, December 11, 2004.
[Download article in PDF format]

"How to Halve World Poverty," The Economist -- The World in 2005, November 2004.
[Download article in PDF format]

"If the US Won't, Germany Must," Internationale Politik, No. 4, 2004.
[Download PDF in English]
[Download PDF in German]

"Ending World Hunger," Poder Magazine, October 2004.
[Download article in PDF format]

"Building on the Commonwealth Action Plan," Commonwealth Finance MInisters Report 2004, September 28, 2004.
[Download article in PDF format]

"The Malaria Gap," with Pia Malaney and Andrew Spielman, American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 71(Suppl. 2), pp. 141-146, August 2004.
[Download paper as PDF]

"Une révolution verte pour l'Afrique," with Pedro Sanchez, Le Monde, August 10, 2004.
[Download article in PDF format]

"How to Run the IMF," Foreign Policy, July-August 2004.
[Download article in PDF format]
[Link to text in Spanish]

"Ending Africa' s Poverty Trap," with John W. McArthur, Guido Schmidt-Traub, Margaret Kruk, Chandrika Bahadur, Michael Faye and Gordon McCord, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 1, 2004.
[Download paper as PDF]

"The G8 must fund the war against poverty," Financial Times, June 7, 2004.
[Download article in PDF format]

"Don’t Know, Should Care",  The New York Times, June 5, 2004.
[Download article in PDF format]

"A Simple Plan to Save the World," Esquire, May 2004.
[Download article in PDF format]

"A Global Index of the Stability of Malaria Transmission," with Anthony Kiszewski, Andrew Mellinger, Andrew Spielman, Pia Malaney, and Sonia Ehrlich Sachs, American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 70, No. 5, pp. 486-498, May 2004.
[Download paper as PDF]

"Doing the sums on Africa," The Economist, May 20, 2004.
[Download article in PDF format]

"Third World Disease," Ob.Gyn. News May 1, 2004.
[Download article in PDF format]

"Sustainable Development," Science, April 30 2004.
[Download article in PDF format]

"Priorities for meeting the Millennium Development Goals," with John McArthur, Global Future Magazine, First Quarter 2004.
[Download article in PDF format]

"The Challenges Facing Landlocked Developing Countries," with Michael L. Faye, John W. McArthur, and Thomas Snow, Journal of Human Development, Vol. 5, No. 1, March 2004.
[Download paper as PDF]
[Download Stata data file]
[Download Excel data file]

2003

"Who will lead the war on want?" Global Agenda 2003 - Magazine of the World Forum Economic Annual Meeting 2003.
[Download article as PDF]

"The Strategic Significance of Global Inequality," (reprint) Environmental Change and Security Project Report, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Issue 9, 2003.
[Download article in PDF]

“New Challenges 1: The Millennium Development Goals - How Far We Have Come,” Development Cooperation Ireland Annual Report 2003.
[Download article in PDF format]

"A Letter from Africa: Confronting our Humanity in an AIDS-Ravaged World," in Pandemic: Facing AIDS, Umbrage Editions : New York, 2003.

"The New Urban Planning," Development Outreach, The World Bank Institute, November 2003.

"No Place for Piety," The New Scientist, November 8, 2003
[Download article in PDF format]

"Mobilization of Domestic and Donor Resources for Health," World Bank Viewpoint, October 2003. [Download as PDF]

"A Better Use for our $87 Billion," Boston Globe, September 13, 2003.
[Download text of article in PDF]

"World needs Japan in fight against diseases," with Joanne Carter, The Asahi Shimbun, August 26, 2003. [Download as PDF]

"A Miserly Response to a Global Emergency," Financial Times, July 17, 2003.
[Download text of article in PDF]

"AIDS Funds Fall Short," with Paul Zeitz, Boston Globe, July 11, 2003.
[Download text of article in PDF]

"Well-Directed Development Aid can Unlock Forces of Economic Growth," with Philip Lane, The Irish Times, 10 July 2003. [Download as PDF]

"If We Cared to, We Could Defeat World Poverty," with Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, Los Angeles Times, July 9, 2003.
[Download text of article in PDF]

" A Rich Nation, a Poor Continent," The New York Times, July 9, 2003.
[Download article as PDF]

"Scaling-up coverage with insecticide-treated nets against malaria in Africa: who should pay?" with Christopher Curtis et al., The Lancet: Infectious Diseases, Vol. 3, No.5, May 1, 2003.
[Download paper as PDF]

"America should not fight AIDS on its own," Financial Times, February 4, 2003.
[Download text of article as PDF]

"Fighting Poverty, Fighting AIDS" Newsweek, January 6, 2003.
[Download article as PDF]

2002

"Weapons of Mass Salvation," The Economist, October 26, 2002.
[Download article as PDF]

"A New Global Effort to Control Malaria," Science, Vol. 298, 4 Oct, 2002.
[Download paper as PDF]

"Improving the Health of the Global Poor.Science.   March 15, 2002.
[Download article as PDF]

"Testimony to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, Subcommittee on African Affairs," February 14, 2002.
[Download paper as PDF]

"The Economic and Social Burden of Malaria" with Pia Malaney, Nature, Vol. 415, no. 6872, Feb. 7, 2002.
[Download paper as PDF]

"AIDS and Africa: Where is the U.S.?" with Sonia Ehrlich Sachs.  Boston Globe.  February 4, 2002.
[Download article in PDF]

2001

The Africa Competitiveness Report 2000/2001, (co-editor) World Economic Forum, Oxford University Press, New York, 2001.

  • "Executive Summary" with Lisa D. Cook. [Download as PDF]
  • "The Case for Increased Debt Forgiveness" with Maciej Cuchra and Sara E. Sievers.

"The Effects of the AIDS Epidemic on Economic Welfare in sub-Saharan Africa," with Dean T. Jamison and Jia Wang, Commission on Macroeconomics and Health Working Paper WG1: 13, December 2001.
[Download paper as PDF]

"The Strategic Significance of Global Inequality," in The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 187-198, Summer 2001.

"What's good for the poor is good for America," The Economist.  July 12, 2001
[Download article as PDF]

"A New Global Commitment to Disease Control in Africa," Nature Medicine, Vol. 7 No. 5, May 2001.
[Download article as PDF]

"Las Patentes y Los Pobres". Reforma. 2 May 2001. [Download as PDF]

"A Global Fund for the Fight Against AIDS". Washington Post. April 7, 2001. [Download as PDF]

"The Geography of Poverty and Wealth," with Andrew D. Mellinger and John L. Gallup. Scientific American. March 2001.
[Download article as PDF]

"Tropical Underdevelopment," NBER Working Paper 8119.  February 2001.
[Download paper as PDF]
(based on speech prepared for Economic History Association Annual Meeting, September 2000 and CID Working Paper No. 57, December 2000)
[Download paper as PDF]

"Fighting AIDS is a Bargain and a Moral One at That". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. February 14, 2001. [Download as PDF]

"AIDS, Drugs, and Africa". Financial Times. February 12, 2001. CIDNEWS [Download as PDF]

"The Best Possible Investment in Africa". New York Times. February 10, 2001. CIDNEWS. [Download as PDF]

2000

"A New Map of the World," The Economist, June 24 2000. (Reprinted in Imagining Tomorrow: Rethinking the Global Challenge. K. Sharma, ed. UN Millenium Assembly, August 2000).
[Download article as PDF]

"Give Poor Nigeria a Chance." Financial Times, June 15, 2000. CIDNEWS [Download as PDF]

"A Blueprint for IMF Reform," with Allan Meltzer, The Wall Street Journal, March 8, 2000, The Asian Wall Street Journal, March 9, 2000, and The Wall Street Journal Europe, March 9, 2000. [Download as PDF]

1999

"Helping the World's Poorest." The Economist, August 1999. [Download as PDF]

"A Millennial Gift to Developing Nations," New York Times, June 6, 1999. [Download as PDF]

"A Cure for Indifference," with Michael Kremer, Financial Times, May 5, 1999.
[Download paper as PDF]

1998

"Geography, Demography, and Economic Growth in Africa," with David Bloom, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 2, 1998.
[Download paper as PDF]

The Africa Competitiveness Report 1998, (co-editor) World Economic Forum, Geneva. Switzerland 1998.

  • "Executive Summary" with Sara E. Sievers
  • "Growth in Africa" with Sara E. Sievers
  • "FDI in Africa" with Sara E. Sievers

1997

"Fundamental Sources of Long Run Growth," with Andrew Warner, presented at 1997 AEA meetings in New Orleans, published in Proceedings volume.
[Download paper as PDF]

"Sources of Slow Growth in African Economies," with Andrew Warner, Journal of African Economies, vol. 6 no. 3, 1997.
[Download paper as PDF]
[Download Stata data file]
[Download Stata do file]
[Download data and results in Excel format]

"Help Congo Now," with Robert Rotberg, New York Times, 29 May 1997. [Download as PDF]

"Take a Fresh Look at Foreign Aid," International Herald Tribune, February 1997.

"When Foreign Aid Makes a Difference," The New York Times, February 3, 1997. [Download as PDF]

"Zimbabwe's Growth Prospects: the Steps Ahead," mimeo, HIID, January 1997.

1996

"Growth in Africa: It can be done," Economist, June 29-15, 1996.
[Download article as PDF]

1995

"A common-sense approach will put SA's economic miracle within reach," The Business Times, Sunday, Oct. 1, 1995 (South Africa).

1985

"How to Save the Third World," The New Republic, October 28, 1985.

0000

"Investing in Health for Economic Development: Time for US Action." Global HealthLink. March-April 2002. [Download as PDF]

"Institutions Matter, but not for Everything," IMF Finance and Development, Vol. 40, No. 2, June 2003.
[Download text of article in PDF]

"The Year of Development," Global Future, Second Quarter, 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"Can Extreme Poverty Be Eliminated?" Scientific American, September 2005.
Reprinted in Cooperation South, United Nations Development Programme, 2005.
[Download article in PDF format]

"The New Geopolitics." Scientific American. June 2006.
[Download article as PDF]

"Hitting the Target," with Guido Schmidt-Traub. Words into Action, IMF and World Bank Annual Meetings. September 2006.
[Download article as PDF]

"Breaking the Poverty Trap." Scientific American. September, 2007. [Download as PDF]

"A Global Coalition of Good." TIME Magazine. September 2007. [Download as PDF]

"The African Green Revolution," Scientific American, April 2008

"Progress summary of the MDGs: update for ministers." The Commonwealth Ministers Reference Book. June 2008.
[Download as PDF]

"Surging Food Prices and Global Stability." Scientific American. June 2008.

"Food For Thought." Economy Viewpoint, The Report - Senegal 2009. Oxford Business Group. April 2009.

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