Climate Change and Environment

2014

"How the AEI Distorts the Climate Debate," Huffington Post, February 8, 2014. Download as [PDF]

"Keystone: The Pipeline to Disaster," Huffington Post, February 3, 2014. Download as [PDF]

"Europe still sets the standard for a low-carbon future", Financial Times, January 28, 2014.

"The challenge of deep decarbonisation," The Gulf News, January 22, 2014. Download as [PDF]

"The Case for Aid," Foreign Policy, January 21, 2014. Download as [PDF]

2013

"The Age of Sustainable Development," Project Syndicate, December 23, 2013. Download as [PDF]

"Cities and Sustainable Development," Project Syndicate, November 25, 2013. Download as [PDF]

"A few more storms like Typhoon Haiyan may finally make our leaders act on climate change," Washington Post, November 15, 2013. Download as [PDF]

"We risk more Haiyans if we ignore climate change," Financial Times, November 15, 2013. [Download as PDF]

"The End of Poverty, Soon," New York Times, September 25, 2013. Download as [PDF]

"High stakes at the UN on the Sustainable Development Goals," The Lancet, September 19, 2013.

"New United Nations initiative on sustainable development comes to campus," Columbia Spectator, September 17, 2013. Download as [PDF]

"Global Development’s Winning Goals," Project Syndicate, August 27, 2013. Download as [PDF]

"A General Equilibrium Model for Analyzing African Rural Subsistence Economies and an African Green Revolution," with John W. McArthur, Brookings Africa Growth Initiative Working Paper 12, June 2013. Download as [PDF]

"Q&A: Jeffrey Sachs on the world's post-MDG future," SciDev.Net, June 12, 2013. Download as [PDF]

"Sustainable Visions," Project Syndicate, June 7, 2013. Download as [PDF]

"Paths to Sustainable Power," Project Syndicate, March 28, 2013. Download as [PDF]

"A Better Way to Fight Climate Change," Project Syndicate, February 28, 2013. Download as [PDF]

"America’s New Progressive Era?" Project Syndicate, January 31, 2013. Download as [PDF]

"Writing the Future," Project Syndicate, January 24, 2013. Download as [PDF]

2012

 "Polluters Must Pay," Project Syndicate, November 26, 2012. Download as [PDF]

"Obama Has Four Years to Fix the Economy," Financial Times, November 11, 2012. [Download as PDF]

"Attention, Mr. President: No Politics, Just Our Solutions — Saving the Climate," Parade, November 4, 2012. Download as [PDF]

"A Global Solutions Network," Project Syndicate, August 22, 2012. Download as [PDF]

"Green Growth and Equity in the Context of Climate Change: Some Considerations," with Shiv Someshwar. ADBI Working Paper Series 371, July 2012. Download as [PDF]

"Our Summer of Climate Truth," Project Syndicate, July 27, 2012. Download as [PDF]

"A Rio Report Card," Project Syndicate, June 18, 2012. Download as [PDF]

"From Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals," The Lancet, June 9, 2012. Download as [PDF]

"The future of development goals," in the Commonwealth Ministers Reference Book 2012[Download as PDF]

"A World Adrift," Project Syndicate, 22 April 2012. [Download as PDF]

"Sustainable Humanity," Project Syndicate, January 31, 2012. [Download as PDF]

2011

"Effective monitoring of agriculture: a response," Journal of Environmental Monitoring, December 20, 2011. [Download as PDF]

"What sort of world awaits the seven billionth person?" Irish Times, October 28, 2011. [Download as PDF]

"The Murdoch Legacy," Huffington Post, October 10, 2011. [Download as PDF]

"In the Front Line," Our Planet, September 2011. [Download as PDF]

"Famine and Hope in the Horn of Africa." Project Syndicate. July 31, 2011. [Download as PDF]

"Ban Ki-moon and the Age of Sustainable Development," Project Syndicate, June 24, 2011. [Download as PDF]

"Need Versus Greed," Project Syndicate, February 28, 2011. [Download as PDF]

2010

"Fighting for Survival: Sustainability in the Gulf" with Irwin Redlener, M.D. The Huffington Post. November 1, 2010. [Download as PDF]

"A New Path to a Low-Carbon Economy," Project Syndicate, October 27, 2010. [Download as PDF]

"Growth in a Buddhist Economy," Project Syndicate, August 25, 2010. [Download as PDF]

"Making Sense of the Climate Impasse," Huffington Post, August 2, 2010. [Download as PDF]

"Monitoring the world's agriculture," with Roseline Remans et al., Nature, July 29, 2010. [Download as PDF]

2009

"Hold the rich nations to their word," Financial Times, 16 December 2009. [Download as PDF]

"End the Politics -- Let Scientists and Engineers Lead," Huffington Post, 3 December 2009. [Download as PDF]

"Enough posturing politics. Time to let the experts lead." The Guardian. 2 December 2009. [Download as PDF]

"Transgressing Planetary Boundaries," Scientific American, December 2009. [Download as PDF]

"A Clunker of a Climate Policy." Scientific American. November 2009. [Download as PDF]

"It's too late to seal a global climate deal. But we need action, not Kyoto II." The Guardian. 30 September 2009.

"Biodivesity Conservation and the Millennium Development Goals." with Jonathan E. M. Baillie, William J. Sutherland, Paul R. Armsworth, Neville Ash, John Beddington, Tim M. Blackburn, Ben Collen, Barry Gardiner, Kevin J. Gaston, H. Charles J. Godfray, Rhys E. Green, Paul H. Harvey, Brett House, Sandra Knapp, Noëlle F. Kümpel, David W. Macdonald, Georgina M. Mace, James Mallet, Adam Matthews, Robert M. May, Owen Petchey, Andy Purvis, Dilys Roe, Kamran Safi , Kerry Turner, Matt Walpole, Robert Watson, Kate E. Jones. Science. 18 September 2009. [Download as PDF]

"Digital Soil Map of the World." with Pedro A. Sanchez, Sonya Ahamed, Florence Carré, Alfred E. Hartemink, Jonathan Hempel, Jeroen Huising, Philippe Lagacherie, Alex B. McBratney, Neil J. McKenzie, Maria de Lourdes Mendonça-Santos, Budiman Minasny, Luca Montanarella, Peter Okoth, Cheryl A. Palm, Keith D. Shepherd, Tor-Gunnar Vågen, Bernard Vanlauwe, Markus G. Walsh, Leigh A. Winowiecki, Gan-Lin Zhang. Science. 7 August 2009.

"Still Needed: A Climate Plan." Scientific American. July 2009.

"Putting a Price on Carbon: An Emissions Cap or a Tax?" Yale Environment 360. 7 May 2009. [Download as PDF]

"Transforming the Auto Industry." Scientific American. February 2009. [Download as PDF]

"An Industrial Policy for Climate Change." McKinsey Quarterly. 23 February 2009. [Download as PDF]

"Eight Principles for a Global Agreement on Climate Change." COP15 UN Climate Change Change Conference Blog. 28 January 2009. [Download as PDF]

2008

Common Wealth: Economics for a Crowded Planet, Penguin Press, 2008.

"Looking after the Future." Scientific American. November 2008.

"Better Cities, Better Life: Challenges for Shanghai." Shanghai Daily. 12 November 2008. [Download as PDF]

"Coping with a Persistent Oil Crisis." Scientific American. October 2008.

"Amid the rubble of global finance, a blueprint for Bretton Woods II." The Guardian. 21 October 2008. [Download as PDF]

"The Specter of Malthus Returns." Scientific American. September 2008.

"Using Carbon Taxes to Pay for Development." Financial Times. 24 September 2008. [Download as PDF]

"Land, Water and Conflict." Newsweek. July 2008. [Download as PDF]

"Climate Change: feed it and weep, or lead and reap." Sydney Morning Herald. 25 July 2008. [Download as PDF]

"A User's Guide to the Century." The National Interest. 2 July 2008. [Download as PDF]

"Less talk, more action needed." The Guardian. 25 June 2008.

"Stagflation is Back. Here's How to Beat It." Fortune. 9 June 2008.

"We Need a Power Surge." Time Magazine. 29 May 2008. [Download as PDF]

"Technological Keys to Climate Protection." Scientific American. March 2008. [Download as PDF]

Slate Book Club on Common Wealth: Economics for a Crowded Planet. [Download as PDF]

"Common Wealth." TIME Magazine. March 2008. [Download as PDF]

Bien Común.”  Centro de Investigación Social, Un Techo Para Chile.  Año 7, No. 12.  Segundo Semestre 2008.  Santiago, Chile, translated from “Common Wealth” TIME Magazine, March 2008.

"Climate Change after Bali." Scientific American. February 2008. [Download as PDF]

2007

"Meaningful Goals for Climate Talks." Scientific American. December 2007. [Download as PDF]

"Climate Change and the Law." Scientific American. November 2007. [Download as PDF]

The African Millennium Villages,” with Pedro Sanchez, Cheryl Palm, Glenn Denning, Rafael Flor, Rebbie Harawa, Bashir Jama, Tsegazeab Kiflemariam, Bronwen Konecky, Raffaela Kozar, Eliud Lelerai, Alia Malik, Vijay Modi, Patrick Mutuo, Amadou Niang, Herine Okoth, Frank Place, Sonia Ehrlich Sachs, Amir Said, David Siriri, Awash Teklehaimanot, Karen Wang, Justine Wangila, and Colleen Zamba. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Special Feature: Sustainability Science, 104 , no. 43 (October, 23 2007): 1677580.

"Making Development Less Risky." Scientific American. August 2007. [Download as PDF]

"The Promise of the Blue Revolution." Scientific American. July 2007.
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"The Secretary-General: Indispensable for Sustainable Development." UN Chronicle. Issue 1, 2007.
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"Climate Change Refugees." Scientific American. June 2007.
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"How I'd fix the World Bank." Fortune. 26 June 2007.
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"The Road to Clean Energy Starts Here." Scientific American. May 2007.
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"A Climate For Change." TIME Magazine. 8 March 2007.

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"Moving Beyond Kyoto." Scientifc American. February 2007.
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2006

"The Challenge of Sustainable Water." Scientific American. December 2006.
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"Fiddling While the Planet Burns." Scientific American. October 2006.
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"Does Conservation Matter to the Poor?" Nature Conservancy Magazine. Summer 2006. 
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"Ecology and Political Upheaval." Scientific American. July 2006.
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"Pay for it Now, or Pay for it Later." The Globe and Mail. 19 June 2006.
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"The New Geopolitics." Scientific American. June 2006.
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"Investments Toward Sustainable Development," with Walter V. Reid. Science, Vol. 312. 19 May 2006.
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2005

"A Robust Strategy for Sustainable Energy," with Klaus Lackner. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Issue 2. 2005.
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2005 U.N. World Summit Blog, Financial Times (online),  September 12-16, 2005.
[Download blog in PDF format]

"What the President Doesn't Want to Hear," Esquire, February 2005.
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"The Class System of Catastrophe," Time, January 10, 2005.
[Download PDF in English]
[Download PDF in Persian]

2004

“We Can End World Hunger: Here’s How,” with Pedro Sanchez, World Ark, November/ December 2004.
[Download article in PDF format]

"Mother of All Headaches," Review of The End of Oil and Energy at the CrossroadsOnEarth Magazine, Summer 2004.
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"Seeking a Global Solution: The Copenhagen Consensus neglects the need to tackle climate change," Nature, August 12, 2004.
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"Une révolution verte pour l'Afrique," with Pedro Sanchez, Le Monde, August 10, 2004.
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"Sustainable Development," Science, April 30 2004.
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2003

"Getting Through the Bottleneck," Our Planet: The Magazine of the UNEP, Vol. 13 No 4. (2003 Issue: Globalization, Poverty, Trade, and the Environment)  [Download as PDF]

"The Strategic Significance of Global Inequality," (reprint) Environmental Change and Security Project Report, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Issue 9, 2003.
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"America's disastrous energy plan,"Financial Times, December 23, 2003
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"Institutions Don't Rule: Direct Effects of Geography on Per Capita Income," NBER Working Paper 9490, January 2003.
[Download paper as PDF]
[Download Stata data file]
[Download Stata do file]
[Download data and results in Excel format]
(Note: results differ slightly from NBER version due to updated malaria data)

2002

"Compensation for 'Meaningful Participation' in Climate Change Control: A Modest Proposal and Empirical Analysis" with T. Panayotou and A. Peterson Zwane, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management,  43, pp. 437-454, 2002.
[Download paper as PDF]

"The Essential Ingredient," New Scientist, August 17, 2002. [Download as PDF]

"How to save the world in Johannesburg," Financial Times, August 13, 2002
[Download text of article as PDF]

2001

"Reducing the Vulnerability to Natural Disasters: Hurricane Mitch and Central America," with Juan Carlos Barahona, Eduardo Doryan and Felipe B. Larrain Economic Development in Central America, Vol. II: Structural Reform edited by Felipe B. Larrain.  Harvard University Press, 2001.
[Download paper in PDF]

2000

"Is the Environmental Kuznets Curve Driven by Structural Change? What Extended Time Series May Imply for Developing Countries" with Theo Panayotou and Alix Peterson. CAER II No. 80, 2000.
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"Climate, Coastal Proximity, and Development," with Andrew Mellinger and John Gallup in Oxford Handbook of Economic Geography, edited by Gordon L. Clark, Maryann P. Feldman, and Meric S. Gertler, Oxford University Press, 2000.
[Download paper as PDF file]
(Previously "Climate, Water Navigability, and Economic Development," with Andrew Mellinger and John Gallup, CID Working Paper No. 24, September 1999. [PDF])

"Natural Resource Abundance and Economic Growth," with Andrew Warner, Leading Issues in Economic Development, Oxford University Press, 2000.
Reprinted in Spanish as "Recursos Naturales y Desarollo Economico" in Mineria y Desarollo, Gustavo Lagos (ed.), Foro en Economia de Minerales, Vol. 3, 2005.
[Download paper as PDF]
[Download Stata data file]
[Download Sata do file]
[Download data and results in Excel format]

"Agriculture, Climate, and Technology: Why are the Tropics Falling Behind?" with John Luke Gallup, American Journal of Agricultural Economics.  Vol. 82, pp. 731-777, August 2000.
[Download paper as PDF]

1999

"Developing Countries and the Control of Climate Change: A Theoretical Perspective and Policy Implications," with Theodore Panayotou and Alix Peterson. HIID CAER II Discussion Paper No. 44, November 1999. [Download as PDF]

"Developing Countries and the Control of Climate Change: Empirical Evidence" with Theo Panayotou and Alix Peterson, CAER II Discussion Paper No. 45, August 1999. CC [Download paper as PDF]

"Developing Countries and the Control of Climate Change: A Theoretical Perspective and Policy Implications," with Theo Panayotou and Alix Peterson, prepared for UNAID/CAER II, CAER II Discussion Paper No. 44, August 1999. [Download paper as PDF]

0000

Susan Solomon

Solomon led efforts to identify the cause of the ozone hole over Antarctica

An American atmospheric chemist who led efforts to identify the cause of the Antarctic ozone hole and a French geochemist who extracted the longest-yet climate record from polar ice cores have won the prestigious 2012 Vetlesen Prize. Susan Solomon and Jean Jouzel will share the $250,000 award, considered to be the earth sciences’ equivalent of a Nobel.

“Earth Science is a collective enterprise, and transformational advances are the product of many authors,” says the Vetlesen Prize committee’s citation. “Both nominees have made leading and fundamental contributions to climate science.” The prize is funded by the G. Unger Vetlesen Foundation in New York and administered by Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory.

Solomon’s work in identifying the cause of Antarctica’s springtime ozone losses helped bring about a global ban on manmade ozone-depleting chemicals. Working most of her career at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in Boulder, Colo., Solomon proposed in a 1986 study  that refrigerants and other industrial chemicals were responsible for the Antarctic ozone hole discovered a year earlier. She led two expeditions to Antarctica, in 1986 and 1987, bringing back key measurements that proved her hypothesis. Recognizing that ozone protects the planet from harmful ultraviolet rays that can cause skin cancer, policymakers around the world responded with rare speed: in 1987, they agreed on a Montreal Protocol to phase out the use of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and related chemicals.

Solomon and her colleagues also explained why ozone destruction was greatest during southern spring. Throughout the dark and extremely cold winter, CFC byproducts react with icy stratospheric clouds to produce ozone-depleting chlorine compounds. When sunlight returns to the South Pole, it reacts with the compounds to break ozone apart.  In a 2002 study, Solomon and a colleague also linked Antarctica’s ozone hole to a strengthening of winds that circle the continent in summer, causing net cooling over most of Antarctica but extreme warming over the West Antarctic Peninsula.  She has also written several books. In The Coldest March, published in 2002, she reconstructed the weather during British explorer Robert Scott’s 1911 expedition to Antarctica to argue that abnormally cold conditions and not incompetence led to the deaths of Scott and his crew. She has also worked as a member of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which in 2007 received the Nobel Peace Prize.  Solomon, 56, is the first woman to win the Vetlesen since it was first offered in 1960.

Jouzel, 65, has been involved in collecting ice-core records from both poles since the 1970s, and has advanced isotopic techniques for extracting past climate information from them. In the longest climate reconstruction yet from ice cores, Jouzel in a 2007 study in the journal Science charted temperatures in Antarctica for the last 800,000 years, over eight consecutive ice ages. The record was long enough to highlight Antarctica’s climate response to slowly varying seasonal distribution of sunlight caused by changes in earth’s orbit. It was also detailed enough to reveal climate variations within each ice age cycle due to earth’s complex internal climate system.

He has also been a leader in bringing human-caused climate change to the public’s attention.

Jean Jouzel

Jouzel has collected the longest-yet climate record from polar ice cores.

For the last 20 years, he has worked on the IPCC, and is currently vice president of the climate science working panel, whose findings will be released in the Fifth Assessment Report next September.  Jouzel has co-written several books, including Climate: A Dangerous Game in 2007 and White Planet, whose English translation is due out in 2013.

Neither scientist came from a scientific family. Solomon was born and raised in Chicago; her father sold insurance and her mother taught fourth grade. She says she was inspired to become a scientist by watching oceanographer Jacques Cousteau on TV as a child, and to go into chemistry by the “exactness” of the experiments she did in high school. “You have a clear solution and you add an exact amount of base and wow, it changes to a bright color just like it’s supposed to,” she said. She received her Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley in 1981, and worked at NOAA until 2011, when she became a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She has won many previous honors: the American Geophysical Union (AGU)’s Macelewane Medal in 1985 for early-career achievement; a U.S. National Medal of Science in 1999, and the Blue Planet Prize in 2004.

Jouzel grew up in a farming family in Brittany, and during his graduate studies in chemistry became interested in how large hailstones form in the atmosphere at a time when chemical seeding of clouds to produce rain was a popular research topic. He received his Ph.D. in chemistry from the Faculté d’Orsay in Paris in 1974 and eventually applied his hail-investigation techniques to polar ice cores, advancing methods for pulling climate information from air bubbles trapped in the ice and minute variations in water molecules layered in the cores.

He has spent his research career at the French nuclear agency, CEA, or Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique. In 1995, he became research director of CEA’s climate and environment lab (LSCE), and from 2001 to 2008, headed the Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace, a national climate research lab near Paris that includes LSCE. In 2002, Jouzel and his mentor Claude Lorius received France’s highest scientific honor, the CNRS gold medal, for their work on polar ice cores, including reconstruction of past greenhouse gas levels from air trapped in the ice. In 1997, he was awarded the European Geophysical Society’s Milankovitch Medal for outstanding research on long-term climate change and modeling; and in 2003, AGU’s Roger Revelle medal for outstanding contributions to atmospheric science.

“If we want to avoid large climate change we need to act now on greenhouse gases,” he said. “Global warming is not yet damaging, but if we do nothing in the coming years we will have more extreme events, droughts, storms and so on.”

The Vetlesen Prize is given “for scientific achievement resulting in a clearer understanding of the Earth, its history, or its relations to the universe.” It was established in 1959 by the trustees of the estate of G. Unger Vetlesen, a Norwegian immigrant to the United States who became a leading shipbuilder, World War II military leader and pioneer in transatlantic air travel. Vetlesen passed away in 1955. Designed to recognize sweeping achievements on par with the Nobel, it is given every several years by a selection committee appointed by the president of Columbia University. The most recent award was in 2008 to maverick geologist Walter Alvarez, who convinced the world that an asteroid strike wiped out the dinosaurs. Previous winners include British climate scientist Sir Nicholas Shackleton, and several scientists at Lamont-Doherty itself, including climate scientist Wallace Broecker, marine geologist Walter Pitman, seismologist Lynn Sykes and Lamont’s founding director Maurice “Doc” Ewing.

Solomon and Jouzel will receive the award and accompanying medal from Columbia president Lee Bollinger at the university’s Low Library on Feb. 21.

More:
A video interview with Susan Solomon
Jean Jouzel Biography